Hovnanian Enterprises has a market cap of $304.3 million; its shares were traded at around $3.91 with and P/S ratio of 0.2. Hedge Fund Gurus that owns HOV: Jim Simons of Renaissance Technologies LLC. Mutual Fund and Other Gurus that owns HOV: Chuck Royce of Royce& Associates.
Highlight of Business Operations:Over the course of this multiple year downturn in the homebuilding market, we have recorded $2.3 billion in inventory impairment and option walkaway charges from the first quarter of 2006 through today. We have exposure to additional impairments of our inventories, which, as of January 31, 2011, have a book value of $948.2 million, net of $859.6 million of impairments recorded on 157 of our communities. We also have $51.7 million invested in 12,153 lots under option, including cash and letters of credit option deposits of $28.4 million as of January 31, 2011. We will record a write-off for the amounts associated with an option if we determine it is probable we will not exercise it. As of January 31, 2011, we have total investments in, and advances to, unconsolidated joint ventures of $57.8 million. Each of our joint ventures assesses its inventory and other long-lived assets for impairment and we separately assess our investment in joint ventures for recoverability, which has resulted in total reductions in our investment in joint ventures of $115.8 million from the second half of fiscal 2006, the first period in which we had impairments on our joint ventures, through October 31, 2010. There were no write-downs of our investment in unconsolidated joint ventures during the three months ended January 31, 2011. We still have exposure to future write-downs of our investment in unconsolidated joint ventures if conditions deteriorate further in the markets in which our joint ventures operate.
Insurance Deductible Reserves - For homes delivered in fiscal 2011 and 2010, our deductible under our general liability insurance is $20 million per occurrence for construction defect and warranty claims. For bodily injury claims, our deductible per occurrence in fiscal 2011 and 2010 is $0.1 million up to a $5 million limit. Our aggregate retention in 2011 is $21 million for construction defect, warranty and bodily injury claims. Our aggregate retention in 2010 was $21 million for construction defect and warranty claims, and $20 million for bodily injury claims. We do not have a deductible on our worker's compensation insurance in fiscal 2011 and 2010. Reserves for estimated losses for fiscal 2011 and 2010 have been established using the assistance of a third-party actuary. We engage a third-party actuary that uses our historical warranty data and other industry data to assist our management to estimate our unpaid claims, claim adjustment expenses and incurred but not reported claims reserves for the risks that we are assuming under the general liability and worker's compensation programs. The estimates include provisions for inflation, claims handling and legal fees. These estimates are subject to a high degree of variability due to uncertainties such as trends in construction defect claims relative to our markets and the types of products we build, claim settlement patterns, insurance industry practices, and legal interpretations, among others. Because of the high degree of judgment required in determining these estimated liability amounts, actual future costs could differ significantly from our currently estimated amounts.
Our cash uses during the three months ended January 31, 2011 and 2010 were for operating expenses, land purchases, land deposits, construction spending, state income taxes, interest payments and investments in joint ventures. We provided for our cash requirements from available cash on hand, housing and land sales, financial service revenues, federal income tax refunds and other revenues. We believe that these sources of cash will be sufficient through fiscal 2011 to finance our working capital requirements and other needs, despite continued declines in total revenues, the termination of our revolving credit facility in fiscal 2009 and the collateralization with cash in segregated accounts to support certain of our letters of credit. We may also enter into land sale agreements or joint ventures to generate cash from our existing balance sheet. Due to a change in tax legislation that became effective on November 6, 2009, we were able to carryback our 2009 net operating loss five years to previously profitable years. As a result, we received a $274.1 million federal income tax cash refund during our second quarter of fiscal 2010 and we received the remaining $17.2 million of the refund in the first quarter of fiscal 2011. In addition, in February 2011 we completed several capital markets transactions, which resulted in aggregate net proceeds of approximately $286.2 million, approximately $101.8 million of which was used to repurchase certain of our senior and senior subordinated notes in tender offers for such notes and $60.1 million of which will be used to redeem, on March 15, 2011, all such notes not tendered in the tender offers. See Note 21 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In connection with the issuance of our senior secured first lien notes in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2009, we terminated our revolving credit facility and refinanced the borrowing capacity thereunder. Also in connection with the refinancing, we entered into certain stand alone cash collateralized letter of credit agreements and facilities under which there were a total of $86.3 million and $89.5 million of letters of credit outstanding as of January 31, 2011 and October 31, 2010, respectively. These agreements and facilities require us to maintain specified amounts of cash as collateral in segregated accounts to support the letters of credit issued thereunder, which will affect the amount of cash we have available for other uses. As of January 31, 2011 and October 31, 2010, the amount of cash collateral in these segregated accounts was $88.3 million and $92.3 million, respectively, which is reflected in “Restricted cash” on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
At January 31, 2011, we had $797.2 million ($785.0 million net of discount) of outstanding senior secured notes, comprised of $0.5 million 11 1/2% Senior Secured Notes due 2013, $785.0 million 10 5/8% Senior Secured Notes due 2016 and $11.7 million 18% Senior Secured Notes due 2017. At January 31, 2011, we also had $713.2 million of outstanding senior notes ($711.7 million net of discount), comprised of $35.5 million 8% Senior Notes due 2012, $54.4 million 6 1/2% Senior Notes due 2014, $29.2 million 6 3/8% Senior Notes due 2014, $52.7 million 6 1/4% Senior Notes due 2015, $173.2 million 6 1/4% Senior Notes due 2016, $172.3 million 7 1/2% Senior Notes due 2016 and $195.9 million 8 5/8% Senior Notes due 2017. In addition, we had $120.2 million of outstanding senior subordinated notes, comprised of $66.7 million 8 7/8% Senior Subordinated Notes due 2012, and $53.5 million 7 3/4% Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013. During February 2011, we issued new senior notes and tangible equity units as well as repurchased certain senior and senior subordinated notes in tender offers for such notes. We also called for redemption all of such notes not tendered in the tender offers. See Note 21 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more detail on these transactions.
Total inventory, excluding inventory not owned, decreased $11.8 million during the three months ended January 31, 2011. Total inventory, excluding inventory not owned, decreased in the Northeast $8.4 million, in the Southwest $3.2 million, and in the West $30.5 million. These decreases were offset by increases in the Mid-
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