Cognex Corp. Reports Operating Results (10-K)
Cognex Corp. has a market cap of $1.83 billion; its shares were traded at around $43.24 with a P/E ratio of 26.1 and P/S ratio of 6.3. The dividend yield of Cognex Corp. stocks is 0.9%.
Highlight of Business Operations:Revenue for the year ended December 31, 2011 totaled $321,914,000, representing an increase of 11% over the prior year. While sales in the cyclical semiconductor and electronics capital equipment market declined from 2010, sales in the factory automation and surface inspection markets reached record levels for both the fourth quarter and full year of 2011. The higher revenue contributed to a gross margin of 76% of revenue in 2011, compared to 73% of revenue in 2010. Operating expenses increased by $21,250,000 over the prior year due primarily to expenses associated with increased headcount in strategic areas, the unfavorable impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates, and higher stock-based compensation expense. The Company generated net income of $69,869,000, or 22% of revenue, in 2011, compared to net income of $61,381,000, or 21% of revenue, in 2010.
Sales to customers in the factory automation market represented 73% of total revenue in 2011, compared to 69% of total revenue in 2010. Sales to these customers increased by $35,317,000, or 18%, from the prior year. A weaker U.S. Dollar relative to the Euro and Japanese Yen, on average, in 2011 compared to 2010 contributed to the higher revenue, as sales denominated in Euros and Yen were translated to U.S. Dollars. Excluding the impact of foreign currency exchange rate changes on revenue, sales to factory automation customers increased by $28,794,000, or 14%, from 2010.
Sales to customers who make automation equipment for the semiconductor and electronics industries represented 12% of total revenue in 2011 compared to 16% of total revenue in 2010. Sales to these customers decreased by $9,058,000, or 19%, from the prior year. Excluding the impact of foreign currency exchange rate changes on revenue, sales to semiconductor and electronics capital equipment customers decreased by $10,414,000, or 22%, from 2010. Geographically, revenue decreased most significantly in Japan where many of the Companys semiconductor and electronics capital equipment customers are located.
Sales to manufacturing customers in the factory automation market represented 69% of total revenue in 2010 compared to 70% of total revenue in 2009. Sales to these customers increased by $76,303,000, or 62%, from the prior year. Revenue in 2009 included $4,400,000 related to an arrangement with a single customer for which product was shipped in 2007 and 2008, but revenue was deferred until the final unit was delivered in the first quarter of 2009. Revenue in 2010 included $6,500,000 related to an arrangement with another customer for which the work was performed over the prior four years, but revenue was deferred until the final obligation was completed in the fourth quarter of 2010. In addition, revenue in 2010 included $2,505,000 related to the adoption of new revenue recognition rules that would have been deferred under the previous guidance. Excluding the recognition of the revenue noted above, sales to these customers increased by $71,698,000, or 60%, from the prior year. Management believes that excluding this revenue from the growth in factory automation sales allows investors to more accurately assess business trends.
MVSD gross margin as a percentage of revenue was 78% in 2010 compared to 74% in 2009. In 2010, MVSD margin included $6,500,000 of revenue from a customer arrangement with a 51% margin, which decreased the MVSD margin by one percentage point, while in 2009, MVSD margin included $4,400,000 of revenue from a customer arrangement with a 92% margin, which increased the MVSD margin by one percentage point. Excluding the recognition of these specific customer arrangements, the MVSD gross margin as a percentage of revenue was 79% in 2010 compared to 73% in 2009. The increase in MVSD margin was primarily due to higher product margins resulting from improved absorption of manufacturing overhead costs, relatively flat new product introduction costs spread over a higher revenue base, and lower provisions for excess and obsolete inventory. A higher percentage of revenue from the sale of software-only products, which have relatively high margins, also contributed to the increase in product margin from the prior year.
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