NAVISTAR INTERNATIONAL Corp. Reports Operating Results (10-K)
Navistar International Corp has a market cap of $1.74 billion; its shares were traded at around $22.85 with and P/S ratio of 0.1.
Highlight of Business Operations:Cost of products sold increased by $408 million, compared to the prior year period, reflecting increases in the Engine segment, partially offset by decreases in the Parts segment that were largely reflective of their overall decrease in net sales. The increase in cost of products sold in the Engine segment was largely due to higher current and pre-existing warranty costs, partially offset by lower volumes. Component complexity and other related costs associated with meeting emissions standards has contributed to higher repair costs that exceeded those that we have historically experienced. Further contributing to the higher warranty expense and the associated increase in warranty costs per unit were shifts in product mix to higher cost engines. We recognized charges for adjustments to pre-existing warranties of $404 million in 2012, compared to $79 million the prior year. The increase in the adjustments relates to the unanticipated increases in warranty spend, primarily for certain 2010 Engines. While we continue to improve the design and manufacturing of our engines to reduce the volume and severity of warranty claims, we have continued to experience higher warranty spend than expected. Included in 2012 warranty expense, was $130 million of charges related to field campaigns we initiated to address issues in products sold, as compared to $23 million in the prior year. The charges were primarily recognized as adjustments to pre-existing warranties. For more information, see Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
Truck segment net sales decreased $669 million, or 7%, primarily due to decreases in military sales and Class 6 and 7 medium trucks in our "traditional" markets, partially offset by the impact of product mix that include increases in sales of our Class 8 heavy and severe service trucks in our "traditional" markets and the impact of the consolidation and growth of our NC2 operations. The decrease in military sales is reflective of our 2012 sales related to the upgrade of MRAP vehicles with our rolling chassis solution and retrofit kits, compared to our 2011 sales that included significant orders for MRAP vehicles. Chargeouts from our "traditional" market were down 4%, primarily due to a 19% decrease in our Class 6 and 7 medium trucks, partially offset by a 5% increase in both of our Class 8 heavy trucks and School buses and a 2% increase in our Class 8 severe service trucks.
The Truck segment incurred a loss of $320 million in 2012 compared to profit of $336 million in 2011. Truck segment results included total charges of $100 million in 2012 and $173 million in 2011, for the integration of our engineering operations, restructuring of our North American manufacturing operations, and the impact of our fourth quarter cost-reduction initiative. These charges consisted of:
Excluding the impact of these costs, the Truck segment profit decreased by $729 million in 2012. The decrease was primarily due to the decrease in military sales, coupled with a shift in military product mix, higher commodity costs, increased warranty costs that were primarily related to extended warranty contracts on certain 2010 Engines, and increases in SG&A and Engineering and product development costs. Throughout 2012, we have experienced increases in the cost for commodities. We anticipate increases in overall commodity costs in the foreseeable future, but we continue to explore opportunities to mitigate our exposure to commodity cost volatility. Additionally, the impact of commodity hedging in 2012 was immaterial, compared to recognizing a gain of $17 million in 2011. The Truck segment recognized significant charges for adjustments to pre-existing warranties of $83 million in 2012, compared to charges of $25 million in the prior year. Included in 2012 warranty expense, the Truck segment recognized net charges of $66 million for losses on extended warranty contracts for our 2010 emissions standard MaxxForce Big-Bore engines. The net charges included $19 million related to contracts sold in the current year and $47 million recognized as adjustments to pre-existing warranties. Partially offsetting these factors were the realization of certain benefits from manufacturing cost efficiencies.
Our Financial Services segment net revenues decreased by $18 million, or 6%, primarily due to lower average retail finance receivable balances partially offset by improved wholesale note revenues on increased wholesale balances. The decline in the average retail finance receivable balance was driven by lower volumes of U.S. retail loan originations that, beginning in the third quarter of 2010, are now funded under the GE Operating Agreement. This arrangement will continue to reduce NFC retail originations and portfolio balances as prior loans are paid down and new U.S. loan originations are funded by GE. In 2011, the average finance receivable balances were $3.1 billion, which were relatively flat as compared to the prior year. Aggregate intercompany interest revenue and fees, which are charged primarily to the Truck and Parts segments, were $91 million in 2011, as compared to $90 million in 2010.
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