I was wrong on the NuPathe special situation math yesterday.
I also chose not to rehash every piece of available information for obvious reasons. I just see no need to rewrite everything that has already been said about the deal.
However, there is a vital piece of additional information that I should have included.
But let me go over some of the common questions and concerns raised. I’ll also link to the updated excel spreadsheet.
Silly Math MistakeDoh.
Sometimes, the simple ones are the easiest to get wrong.
Here’s what you saw yesterday.
The Wrong Profit/Loss Calculation
Here’s the correct one.
The numbers of shares differ, but that doesn’t matter in this example.
The Correct NuPathe Special Situation Profit/Loss %
- Total loss amount is 100% instead of -11%
- I was double subtracting the invested amount which lowered the total profit/loss percentage
The Mindset to Approach Special SituationsEvery investment come with a risk.
Special situations are no different which is why you want to find the ones where the probability of an event occurring is higher than the chance of it not happening.
When getting involved with special situations, you have to have an asset allocator’s mindset.
One of the areas I’m trying to improve on this year is just that. Instead of just trying to be an analyst, I need to think more like an allocator.
It’s like when I go to the gym and work out. I’m determined to put on some muscle so I hit the weights hard.
Then when I get home, I chill out with a burger and coke. And you know that the proper diet and rest has more influence on weight gain than working out.
By just trying to work out hard at the gym, I’m nothing more than an analyst.
To be a real investor, I’ve got to combine the proper allocation and position sizing along with analysis.
So when a deal like this comes along, it’s not just the margin of safety you should be purely focused on.
It’s whether the winning percentage is higher than the losing percentage.
Then based on what you think, you need to limit your position sizing.
Would you place a bet if you had 60% of winning and 40% of losing?
Probability says you should do it till the cows come home.
That’s what NuPathe offers. You account for margin of safety with proper allocation.
Answering the Main Downside Risk Questions
Risk 1: The Buyout Can FailYes there is a possibility that the buyout may not go through. But I place very little probability that this will happen.
- Teva and NuPathe started talking since December 2012 and continued communication and expressed interest throughout 2013.
- Teva needs to enhance its product line as the company itself is under pressure to perform better. Their main drug Copaxone will have generic competition starting in May.
- Teva’s strategy is to acquire companies like NuPathe. They’ve done it plenty of times before.
- No stockholder approval required.
- The total price Teva will pay for Nupathe after all milestone payments is $277m. Teva current has $2.8b in cash. But Teva is only going to pay $144m to begin with. That’s a 5% investment with its cash.
- No financing or regulation holdups expected.
Risk 2: Rights are Non-TradeableOnce the deal closes on Feb 20, your CVR (Contingent Value Right) is non-tradeable. Your cash is locked in, so you have to wait until the cash comes.
Like I said yesterday, close and open your eyes with 5 years in mind. Don’t expect anything quick.
I like it because deals like this deter traders and heavy speculators.
Now I don’t see why the rights being non-tradeable is a risk, but there are people who view it that way because you don’t get access to your money again.
This is easily solved by allocating a tiny percentage of your portfolio. Something like 1%.
Again, it comes to having an allocator’s mindset.
Risk 3: Teva Manipulates Sales to Avoid Hitting the MilestoneSince net sales has to occur in four cumulative quarters, Teva could manipulate the sales so that it doesn’t reach the target every 4th quarter.
I don’t have personal experience in this space so I can’t say whether this is true.
But when looking at the information on hand;
- Teva is spending 5% of its cash today on the deal.
- Would a company waste time and resources to play games once the product is out in the distribute channels?
- Trying to get the sales reps to not sell as much in the 4th quarter makes no sense.
- A huge amount of orchestration is required just to save $30m when the potential sales far outweigh the payment.
Risk 4: No Management IncentivesNo special deals are being given to hit the targets so management may have less interest in working to hit the target.
This is entirely possible. The only thing I can say about this is that management is under a covenant to operate as they would have without a buyout.
Risk 5: Management Sales Projection is Too OptimisticManagement teams always tend to project too optimistically. In this case, peak sales is expected to exceed $300m in year 10 (2024). That’s outside the 9 year window by the way.
Take a conservative percentage of that and the $300m target is unlikely to be reached.
Final ProbabilitiesThe important piece of information I left out yesterday was the probability factor.
Here’s how I see it panning it out now.
- Zero payment: less than 10%
- $2.15 payment: greater than 90%
- $3.15 payment: less than 20%. 20% may even be too high.
NuPathe Special Situation Probability | click to enlarge
The highest probability is that you just get the first payment.
I’ve also included an annualized table so that you get an idea of what you are in for.
Using a stock price of $4.30, and only getting the $2.15 payment, the annualized return over 5 years is still a very impressive 27%.
Download this updated excel spreadsheet for the calculations and to play around with it yourself.