Alkermes Inc. has a market cap of $1.01 billion; its shares were traded at around $10.7 with and P/S ratio of 5.6. ALKS is in the portfolios of Daniel Loeb of Third Point, LLC, Steven Cohen of SAC Capital Advisors, RS Investment Management, Jim Simons of Renaissance Technologies LLC.
Highlight of Business Operations:Revenues from Janssen relating to the manufacture and sale of RISPERDAL CONSTA accounted for approximately 83%, 46% and 52% of total net revenues for the years ended March 31, 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. See Collaborative Arrangements below for information about our relationship with Janssen.
We are collaborating with Amylin on the development of a once weekly formulation of exenatide, called BYDUREON, for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. BYDUREON is an injectable formulation of Amylins BYETTA® (exenatide) and is being developed with the goal of providing patients with an effective and more patient-friendly treatment option. BYETTA is an injection administered twice daily. Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Diabetes can result in serious health complications, including cardiovascular, kidney and nerve disease. Diabetes is believed to affect more than 24 million people in the U.S. and an estimated 285 million adults worldwide. Approximately 90 95% of those affected have type 2 diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, approximately 60% of people with diabetes do not achieve their target blood sugar levels with their current treatment regimen. In addition, 85% of type 2 diabetes patients are overweight and 55% are considered obese. BYETTA was approved by the FDA in April 2005 as adjunctive therapy to improve blood sugar control in patients with type 2 diabetes who have not achieved adequate control on metformin and/or a sulfonylurea, which are commonly used oral diabetes medications. In December 2006, the FDA approved BYETTA as an add-on therapy for people with type 2 diabetes unable to achieve adequate glucose control on thiazolidinediones, a class of diabetes medications. In October 2009, the FDA approved BYETTA as a stand-alone medication (monotherapy) along with diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes. Amylin has an agreement with Lilly for the development and commercialization of exenatide, including BYDUREON.
In July 2009, Amylin, Lilly and we announced positive results from the DURATION-3 study, which was designed to compare BYDUREON to LANTUS® (insulin glargine) in 467 patients with type 2 diabetes taking stable doses of metformin alone or in combination with a sulfonylurea. Patients randomized to BYDUREON experienced a statistically superior reduction in A1C, a measure of average blood sugar over three months, of 1.5 percentage points from baseline, compared to a reduction of 1.3 percentage points for LANTUS after completing 26 weeks of treatment. At the end of the study, patients treated with BYDUREON achieved a mean A1C of 6.8% compared with a mean A1C of 7.0% in those treated with LANTUS. Treatment with BYDUREON also produced a statistically significant difference in weight, with a mean weight loss of 5.8 pounds at 26 weeks, compared with a mean weight gain of 3.1 pounds for LANTUS, a difference of 8.9 pounds between the treatments. In addition, patients treated with BYDUREON reported significantly fewer episodes of confirmed hypoglycemia than those patients treated with LANTUS.
In December 2009, Amylin, Lilly and we announced positive results from the DURATION-5 study, which was designed to compare BYDUREON to BYETTA in patients with type 2 diabetes who were not achieving adequate glucose control using background therapies that included diet and exercise, metformin, sulfonylurea, thiazolidinediones or a combination of the agents. Patients randomized to BYDUREON experienced a statistically superior reduction in A1C, of 1.6 percentage points from baseline, compared to a reduction of 0.9 percentage points for BYETTA after completing 24 weeks of treatment. At the end of the study, patients treated with BYDUREON achieved a mean A1C of 7.1% compared with a mean A1C of 7.7% in those treated with BYETTA. Both treatment groups achieved statistically significant weight loss by the end of the study, with an average loss of 5.1 pounds for patients taking BYDUREON and 3.0 pounds for patients taking BYETTA. Additional studies designed to demonstrate the superiority of BYDUREON compared to commonly prescribed diabetes medications are ongoing.
In April 2010, we announced plans for the development of ALKS 33 for the treatment of binge-eating disorder and as a combination therapy with buprenorphine for the treatment of addiction and mood disorders. Binge-eating disorder is characterized by recurrent binge eating episodes during which a person feels a loss of control over his or her eating. Unlike bulimia, binge eating episodes are not followed by purging, excessive exercise or fasting. As a result, people with binge-eating disorder often are overweight or obese. It is estimated that approximately 1% to 2% of Americans suffer from binge-eating disorder.
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