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Carnival Corp (NYSE:CCL)
Cost of Goods Sold
\$9,383 Mil (TTM As of Nov. 2016)

Carnival Corp's cost of goods sold for the three months ended in Nov. 2016 was \$2,319 Mil. Its cost of goods sold for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Nov. 2016 was \$9,383 Mil.

Cost of Goods Sold is directly linked to profitability of the company through Gross Margin. Carnival Corp's Gross Margin for the three months ended in Nov. 2016 was 41.07%.

Cost of Goods Sold is also directly linked to Inventory Turnover. Carnival Corp's Inventory Turnover for the three months ended in Nov. 2016 was 7.29.

Definition

Cost of goods sold (COGS) refers to the Inventory costs of those goods a business has sold during a particular period.

Carnival Corp Cost of Goods Sold for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Nov. 2016 was 2243 (Feb. 2016 ) + 2258 (May. 2016 ) + 2563 (Aug. 2016 ) + 2319 (Nov. 2016 ) = \$9,383 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Explanation

Cost of Goods Sold is directly linked to profitability of the company through Gross Margin.

Carnival Corp's Gross Margin for the three months ended in Nov. 2016 is calculated as:

 Gross Margin = (Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue = (3935 - 2319) / 3935 = 41.07 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

A company that has a moat can usually maintain or even expand their Gross Margin. A company can increase its Gross Margin in two ways. It can increase the prices of the goods it sells and keeps its Cost of Goods Sold unchanged. Or it can keep the sales price unchanged and squeeze its suppliers to reduce the Cost of Goods Sold. Warren Buffett believes businesses with the power to raise prices have moats.

Cost of Goods Sold is also directly linked to another concept called Inventory Turnover:

Carnival Corp's Inventory Turnover for the three months ended in Nov. 2016 is calculated as:

 Inventory Turnover = Cost of Goods Sold / Average Inventory = 2319 / 318 = 7.29

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Inventory Turnover measures how fast the company turns over its inventory within a year. A higher inventory turnover means the company has light inventory. Therefore the company spends less money on storage, write downs, and obsolete inventory. If the inventory is too light, it may affect sales because the company may not have enough to meet demand.

Usually retailers pile up their inventories at holiday seasons to meet the stronger demand. Therefore, the inventory of a particular quarter of a year should not be used to calculate inventory turnover. An average inventory is a better indication.

Related Terms

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Carnival Corp Annual Data

 Nov07 Nov08 Nov09 Nov10 Nov11 Nov12 Nov13 Nov14 Nov15 Nov16 COGS 7,628 9,039 8,407 9,092 10,299 10,320 10,645 10,421 9,447 9,383

Carnival Corp Quarterly Data

 Aug14 Nov14 Feb15 May15 Aug15 Nov15 Feb16 May16 Aug16 Nov16 COGS 2,760 2,498 2,335 2,404 2,490 2,218 2,243 2,258 2,563 2,319
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