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ZBB Energy Corp (AMEX:ZBB)
Cost of Goods Sold
\$2.47 Mil (TTM As of Dec. 2014)

ZBB Energy Corp's cost of goods sold for the three months ended in Dec. 2014 was \$0.23 Mil. Its cost of goods sold for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2014 was \$2.47 Mil.

Cost of Goods Sold is directly linked to profitability of the company through Gross Margin. ZBB Energy Corp's Gross Margin for the three months ended in Dec. 2014 was 22.92%.

Cost of Goods Sold is also directly linked to Inventory Turnover. ZBB Energy Corp's Inventory Turnover for the three months ended in Dec. 2014 was 0.16.

Definition

Cost of goods sold (COGS) refers to the Inventory costs of those goods a business has sold during a particular period.

ZBB Energy Corp Cost of Goods Sold for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2014 was 0.612 (Mar. 2014 ) + 1.294 (Jun. 2014 ) + 0.336 (Sep. 2014 ) + 0.232 (Dec. 2014 ) = \$2.47 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Explanation

Cost of Goods Sold is directly linked to profitability of the company through Gross Margin.

ZBB Energy Corp's Gross Margin for the three months ended in Dec. 2014 is calculated as:

 Gross Margin = (Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue = (0.301 - 0.232) / 0.301 = 22.92 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

A company that has a moat can usually maintain or even expand their Gross Margin. A company can increase its Gross Margin in two ways. It can increase the prices of the goods it sells and keeps its Cost of Goods Sold unchanged. Or it can keep the sales price unchanged and squeeze its suppliers to reduce the Cost of Goods Sold. Warren Buffett believes businesses with the power to raise prices have moats.

Cost of Goods Sold is also directly linked to another concept called Inventory Turnover:

ZBB Energy Corp's Inventory Turnover for the three months ended in Dec. 2014 is calculated as:

 Inventory Turnover = Cost of Goods Sold / Average Inventory = 0.232 / 1.4255 = 0.16

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Inventory Turnover measures how fast the company turns over its inventory within a year. A higher inventory turnover means the company has light inventory. Therefore the company spends less money on storage, write downs, and obsolete inventory. If the inventory is too light, it may affect sales because the company may not have enough to meet demand.

Usually retailers pile up their inventories at holiday seasons to meet the stronger demand. Therefore, the inventory of a particular quarter of a year should not be used to calculate inventory turnover. An average inventory is a better indication.

Related Terms

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

ZBB Energy Corp Annual Data

 Jun05 Jun06 Jun07 Jun08 Jun09 Jun10 Jun11 Jun12 Jun13 Jun14 COGS 0.00 0.53 0.55 0.30 2.11 2.74 1.11 3.12 6.43 3.10

ZBB Energy Corp Quarterly Data

 Sep12 Dec12 Mar13 Jun13 Sep13 Dec13 Mar14 Jun14 Sep14 Dec14 COGS 1.54 2.27 1.82 0.80 0.60 0.60 0.61 1.29 0.34 0.23
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