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3M Co (FRA:MMM)
Cash Flow from Investing
€-1,098 Mil (TTM As of Mar. 2017)

Cash Flow from Investing covers the cash a company gains or spends from investment activities in financial market and operating subsidiaries. It also includes the cash the company used for property, plant and equipment (PPE).

For the three months ended in Mar. 2017, 3M Co spent €268 Mil on purchasing property, plant, equipment. It gained €0 Mil from selling property, plant, and equipment. It spent €0 Mil on purchasing business. It gained €0 Mil from selling business. It spent €0 Mil on purchasing investments. It gained €0 Mil from selling investments. It paid €0 Mil for net Intangibles purchase and sale. It paid €0 Mil for discontinued investing activities. And it received €184 Mil from other investing activities. In all, 3M Co spent €84 Mil on investment activities in financial market and operating subsidiaries for the three months ended in Mar. 2017.

Definition

Cash Flow from Investing covers the cash a company gains or spends from investment activities in financial market and operating subsidiaries. It also includes the cash the company used for property, plant and equipment (PPE).

If a company spends cash on property, plant and equipment (PPE), this will reduce their cash position. This is called Capital Expenditures (CPEX).

Likewise, if a company buys another company for cash, this will reduce their cash position.

3M Co's Cash Flow from Investing for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2016 is calculated as:

 Cash Flow from Investing (A: Dec. 2016 ) = Purchase of PPE + Sale of PPE + Purchase of Business = -1346.09915632 + 54.9815148355 + -15.1673144374 + Sale of Business + Purchase of Investment + Sale of Investment + 134.609915632 + -1336.61958479 + 1182.10256896 + Net Intangibles Purchase And Sale + Cash From Discontinued Investing + Cash From Other Investing + 0 + 0 + -3.79182860935 = -1,330

3M Co's Cash Flow from Investing for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2017 is calculated as:

 Cash Flow from Investing (Q: Mar. 2017 ) = Purchase of PPE + Sale of PPE + Purchase of Business = -268.34969612 + 0 + 0 + Sale of Business + Purchase of Investment + Sale of Investment + 0 + 0 + 0 + Net Intangibles Purchase And Sale + Cash From Discontinued Investing + Cash From Other Investing + 0 + 0 + 184.198223469 = -84

3M Co Cash Flow from Investing for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2017 was -311.498754005 (Jun. 2016 ) + -483.827853515 (Sep. 2016 ) + -218.030145037 (Dec. 2016 ) + -84.1514726508 (Mar. 2017 ) = €-1,098 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Explanation

Cash flow from investing contains nine items:

1. Purchase Of Property, Plant, Equipment:
Purchase of PPE indicates the amount used to purchase property, plant, and equipment.

3M Co's purchase of property, plant, equipment for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was €-268 Mil. It means 3M Co spent €268 Mil on purchasing property, plant, equipment.

In the capital spending for property, plant and equipment (PPE), some part of spending may be from the expansion of business. The business needs more property, plant and equipment (PPE) as it grows. Another part may be from replacement of the property, plant and equipment (PPE) of existing business. For some companies, the cash spent on replacing of the property, plant and equipment (PPE) of the existing business will be close to the depreciation of property, plant and equipment (PPE) reported in the income statement.

In Warren Buffetts definition of Owners Earnings, he deducts the estimate of the cost of replacing the property, plant and equipment (PPE) of the existing business from cash flow from operations. The cash spent on the new property, plant, and equipment is not deducted. The reason is because these are not costs of the existing business. In his 1986 letter to shareholders, Warren Buffett wrote this about owner earnings:

"These represent (a) reported earnings plus (b) depreciation, depletion, amortization, and certain other non-cash charges...less (c) the average annual amount of capitalized expenditures for plant and equipment, etc. that the business requires to fully maintain its long-term competitive position and its unit volume....Our owner-earnings equation does not yield the deceptively precise figures provided by GAAP, since (c) must be a guess - and one sometimes very difficult to make. Despite this problem, we consider the owner earnings figure, not the GAAP figure, to be the relevant item for valuation purposes...All of this points up the absurdity of the 'cash flow' numbers that are often set forth in Wall Street reports. These numbers routinely include (a) plus (b) - but do not subtract (c)."

2. Sale Of Property, Plant, Equipment:
Sale of PPE indicates the amount gained from selling property, plant, and equipment.

3M Co's sale of property, plant, equipment for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was €0 Mil. It means 3M Co gained €0 Mil from selling property, plant, and equipment.

3M Co's purchase of business for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was €0 Mil. It means 3M Co spent €0 Mil on purchasing business.

3M Co's sale of business for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was €0 Mil. It means 3M Co gained €0 Mil from selling business.

5. Purchase Of Investment:
Purchase of Investments represents cash outflow on the purchase of investments in securities.

3M Co's purchase of investment for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was €0 Mil. It means 3M Co spent €0 Mil on purchasing investments.

6. Sale Of Investment:
Sale of Investments represents cash inflow on the sale of investments in securities.

3M Co's sale of investment for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was €0 Mil. It means 3M Co gained €0 Mil from selling investments.

7. Net Intangibles Purchase And Sale:
Net Intangibles purchase and sale means the net cash inflow received by a company that comes from the purchase and sale of intangibles. It equals the cash received from sale of intangibles minus the cash spent on purchasing intangibles.

3M Co's net Intangibles purchase and sale for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was €0 Mil. It means 3M Co paid €0 Mil for net Intangibles purchase and sale.

8. Cash From Discontinued Investing Activities:
Cash from discontinued investing activities means the cash received by a company that comes from the discontinued investing activities.

3M Co's cash from discontinued investing activities for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was €0 Mil. It means 3M Co paid €0 Mil for discontinued investing activities.

9. Cash From Other Investing Activities:
Cash from other investing activities means the cash received by a company that comes from other investing activities.

3M Co's cash from other investing activities for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was €184 Mil. It means 3M Co received €184 Mil from other investing activities.

Related Terms

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

3M Co Annual Data

 Dec07 Dec08 Dec09 Dec10 Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 PurchaseOfPPE -977 -1,089 -619 -825 -1,048 -1,131 -1,215 -1,211 -1,341 -1,346 SaleOfPPE 71 64 51 19 42 31 93 109 30 55 PurchaseOfBusiness -370 -1,032 -47 -1,383 -493 -797 0 -76 -2,675 -15 SaleOfBusiness 616 65 3 0 0 0 6 0 113 135 PurchaseOfInvestment -5,629 -1,636 -1,537 -2,485 -3,163 -4,185 -2,949 -1,038 -599 -1,337 SaleOfInvestment 5,350 1,851 961 2,691 2,597 4,024 3,407 1,650 1,792 1,182 NetIntangiblesPurchaseAndSale 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 CashFromDiscontinuedInvestingActivities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 CashFromOtherInvestingActivities 0 0 0 -2 0 11 34 83 94 -4 Cash Flow from Investing -939 -1,775 -1,188 -1,985 -2,066 -2,047 -625 -483 -2,586 -1,330

3M Co Quarterly Data

 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 PurchaseOfPPE -397 -269 -330 -315 -409 -282 -287 -309 -413 -268 SaleOfPPE 15 4 9 3 15 16 0 0 0 0 PurchaseOfBusiness 0 -139 -3 -2,457 -4 -4 0 -12 1 0 SaleOfBusiness 0 18 0 0 0 50 0 0 0 0 PurchaseOfInvestment -204 -176 -134 -129 -152 -202 -254 -469 -355 0 SaleOfInvestment 505 559 592 421 193 147 254 307 429 0 NetIntangiblesPurchaseAndSale 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 CashFromDiscontinuedInvestingActivities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 CashFromOtherInvestingActivities 67 4 13 3 169 22 -24 -2 119 184 Cash Flow from Investing -15 0 148 -2,474 -189 -251 -311 -484 -218 -84
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