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Lowe's Companies Inc (NYSE:LOW)
EBITDA
$5,820 Mil (TTM As of Apr. 2014)

Lowe's Companies Inc's EBITDA for the three months ended in Apr. 2014 was $1,467 Mil. Its EBITDA for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Apr. 2014 was $5,820 Mil.

During the past 12 months, the average EBITDA Growth Rate of Lowe's Companies Inc was 11.30% per year. During the past 3 years, the average EBITDA Growth Rate was 2.80% per year. During the past 5 years, the average EBITDA Growth Rate was 3.20% per year. During the past 10 years, the average EBITDA Growth Rate was -0.50% per year.

During the past 13 years, the highest 3-Year average EBITDA Growth Rate of Lowe's Companies Inc was 29.60% per year. The lowest was -8.90% per year. And the median was 19.45% per year.

Lowe's Companies Inc's EBITDA per Share for the three months ended in Apr. 2014 was $1.44. Its EBITDA per share for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Apr. 2014 was $5.56.

During the past 12 months, the average EBITDA per Share Growth Rate of Lowe's Companies Inc was 19.60% per year. During the past 3 years, the average EBITDA per Share Growth Rate was 12.90% per year. During the past 5 years, the average EBITDA per Share Growth Rate was 12.30% per year. During the past 10 years, the average EBITDA per Share Growth Rate was 4.00% per year.

During the past 13 years, the highest 3-Year average EBITDA per Share Growth Rate of Lowe's Companies Inc was 27.80% per year. The lowest was -6.90% per year. And the median was 20.15% per year.


Definition

Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA) is what the company earns before it expenses interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization.

Lowe's Companies Inc's EBITDA for the fiscal year that ended in Jan. 2014 is calculated as

EBITDA(A: Jan. 2014 )
=EBIT+Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization
=4151+1562
=5,713

Lowe's Companies Inc's EBITDA for the quarter that ended in Apr. 2014 is calculated as

EBITDA(Q: Apr. 2014 )
=Revenue-Cost of Goods Sold-Selling, General, & Admin. Expense-Research & Development-Others
=13403-8645-3319-0--28
=1,467

EBITDA(Q: Apr. 2014 )
=EBIT+Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization
=1069+398
=1,467

Lowe's Companies Inc Earnings Before Depreciation and Amortization for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Apr. 2014 was 2007 (Jul. 2013 ) + 1325 (Oct. 2013 ) + 1021 (Jan. 2014 ) + 1467 (Apr. 2014 ) = $5,820 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Sometimes companies may have already deducted Depreciation and Amortization from Gross Profit. In this case Depreciation and Amortization needs to be added back when calculating EBITDA.


Explanation

EBITDA is a cash flow measure that ignores changes in working capital. EBITDA minus Depreciation, and Amortization (DA) equals Operating Income. Operating Income is profit before interest and taxes. Of course, Interest and taxes need to be paid.

While depreciation and amortization expenses do not need to be paid in cash, assets - especially tangible assets - do need to be replaced over time. EBITDA is not a measure of profit in any sense. EBITDA is a measure of cash generation by a business where the uses of that cash may be more or less discretionary depending on the nature of the business.

The EBITDA of a TV station is largely discretionary. Owners may use much of the EBITDA generated by a TV station as they see fit. The EBITDA of a railroad is largely non-discretionary. Owners must use much of the EBITDA generated by a railroad to replace the physical assets of the railroad or the business will literally fall apart over time.

EBITDA can be thought of as the cash a business generates that is available to:

• Add more inventory
• Add more receivables
• Replace property, plant, and equipment
• Add more property, plant, and equipment
• Pay interest
• Pay taxes
• And finally: pay owners

EBITDA is widely used in financial analysis because Depreciation and Amortization are not present day cash expenses.. Depreciation and amortization are the spreading out of the costs of assets over the time in which those assets provide benefits. Today’s depreciation and amortization expenses relate to assets bought in the past. The assets being expensed may or may not need to be replaced in the future. And the cost to replace the assets may be more or less than it was in the past. For this reason, the depreciation and amortization expenses a company records in the present year may have no relationship to the actual cash costs needed to maintain its assets in future years.

A company’s depreciation expense depends on both its expectations about the assets it owns and its choice of accounting methods. Two companies owning identical assets may have different depreciation expenses because they have different expectations about the useful lives of those assets and because they make different accounting choices.

Analysts use EBITDA to remove this element of personal choice from a company’s accounting statements. The use of EBITDA is an attempt to make the results of different companies more comparable and uniform.


Be Aware

Although depreciation is not a cash cost it is a real business cost because the company has to pay for the fixed assets when they purchase them. Both Warren Buffett and Charlie Munger hate the idea of EDITDA because in this calculation, depreciation is not counted as an expense.

EBITDA over Revenue is a good metric for comparing the operating efficiencies between companies because EBITDA is less vulnerable to companies’ accounting choices. For this reason, EBITDA is used in ranking the Predictability of Companies. Also price/EBITDA is sometimes used in valuations.


Related Terms

Revenue, Cost of Goods Sold, Selling, General, & Admin. Expense, Research & Development, Gross Profit, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Operating Income


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Lowe's Companies Inc Annual Data

Jan05Jan06Jan07Jan08Jan09Jan10Jan11Jan12Jan13Jan14
EBIT 3,7124,6995,2044,7503,8263,1293,5683,2833,6004,151
DDA 9261,0511,2371,4641,6671,7331,6841,5791,6231,562
EBITDA 4,6385,7506,4416,2145,4934,8625,2524,8625,2235,713

Lowe's Companies Inc Quarterly Data

Jan12Apr12Jul12Oct12Jan13Apr13Jul13Oct13Jan14Apr14
EBIT 5839551,2937525989821,6169256261,069
DDA 408396393396438376391400395398
EBITDA 9911,3511,6861,1481,0361,3582,0071,3251,0211,467
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