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AvalonBay Communities Inc (NYSE:AVB)
Gross Profit
$1,099 Mil (TTM As of Sep. 2014)

AvalonBay Communities Inc's gross profit for the three months ended in Sep. 2014 was $280 Mil. AvalonBay Communities Inc's gross profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2014 was $1,099 Mil.

Gross Margin is calculated as gross profit divided by its revenue. AvalonBay Communities Inc's gross profit for the three months ended in Sep. 2014 was $280 Mil. AvalonBay Communities Inc's revenue for the three months ended in Sep. 2014 was $431 Mil. Therefore, AvalonBay Communities Inc's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2014 was 65.11%.

AvalonBay Communities Inc had a gross margin of 65.11% for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2014 => Durable competitive advantage

During the past 13 years, the highest Gross Margin of AvalonBay Communities Inc was 65.07%. The lowest was 59.42%. And the median was 60.58%.


Definition

Gross Profit is the different between the sale prices and the cost of buying or producing the goods.

AvalonBay Communities Inc's Gross Profit for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2013 is calculated as

Gross Profit (A: Dec. 2013 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=1462.921 - 511.019
=952

AvalonBay Communities Inc's Gross Profit for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2014 is calculated as

Gross Profit (Q: Sep. 2014 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=430.525 - 150.208
=280

AvalonBay Communities Inc Gross Profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2014 was 246.551 (Dec. 2013 ) + 301.533 (Mar. 2014 ) + 270.308 (Jun. 2014 ) + 280.317 (Sep. 2014 ) = $1,099 Mil.

Gross Profit is the numerator in the calculation of Gross Margin:

AvalonBay Communities Inc's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2014 is calculated as

Gross Margin (Q: Sep. 2014 )=Gross Profit (Q: Sep. 2014 ) / Revenue (Q: Sep. 2014 )
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=280 / 430.525
=65.11 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

A positive Gross Profit is only the first step for a company to make a net profit. The gross profit needs to be big enough to also cover related labor, equipment, rental, marketing/advertising, research and development and a lot of other costs in selling the products.


Explanation

Warren Buffett believes that firms with excellent long term economics tend to have consistently higher margins.

Durable competitive advantage creates a high Gross Margin because of the freedom to price in excess of cost. Companies can be categorized by their Gross Margin

1. Greater than 40% = Durable competitive advantage
2. Less than 40% = Competition eroding margins
3. Less than 20% = no sustainable competitive advantage
Consistency of Gross Margin is key

AvalonBay Communities Inc had a gross margin of 65.11% for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2014 => Durable competitive advantage


Related Terms

Cost of Goods Sold, Gross Margin, Revenue


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

AvalonBay Communities Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Gross_Profit 000464491506532607659952

AvalonBay Communities Inc Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Gross_Profit 165175158205257253247302270280
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