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GuruFocus has detected 5 Warning Signs with Cliffs Natural Resources Inc $CLF.
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Cliffs Natural Resources Inc (NYSE:CLF)
Gross Profit
$389 Mil (TTM As of Dec. 2016)

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc's gross profit for the three months ended in Dec. 2016 was $182 Mil. Cliffs Natural Resources Inc's gross profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2016 was $389 Mil.

Gross Margin is calculated as gross profit divided by its revenue. Cliffs Natural Resources Inc's gross profit for the three months ended in Dec. 2016 was $182 Mil. Cliffs Natural Resources Inc's revenue for the three months ended in Dec. 2016 was $754 Mil. Therefore, Cliffs Natural Resources Inc's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2016 was 24.07%.

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc had a gross margin of 24.07% for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2016 => Competition eroding margins

During the past 13 years, the highest Gross Margin of Cliffs Natural Resources Inc was 39.78%. The lowest was 11.75%. And the median was 23.29%.

Warning Sign:

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc gross margin has been in long term decline. The average rate of decline per year is -15.3%.


Definition

Gross Profit is the different between the sale prices and the cost of buying or producing the goods.

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc's Gross Profit for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2016 is calculated as

Gross Profit (A: Dec. 2016 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=2109 - 1719.7
=389

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc's Gross Profit for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2016 is calculated as

Gross Profit (Q: Dec. 2016 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=754 - 572.5
=182

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc Gross Profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2016 was 30.9 (Mar. 2016 ) + 91.5 (Jun. 2016 ) + 85.4 (Sep. 2016 ) + 181.5 (Dec. 2016 ) = $389 Mil.

Gross Profit is the numerator in the calculation of Gross Margin:

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2016 is calculated as

Gross Margin (Q: Dec. 2016 )=Gross Profit (Q: Dec. 2016 ) / Revenue (Q: Dec. 2016 )
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=182 / 754
=24.07 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

A positive Gross Profit is only the first step for a company to make a net profit. The gross profit needs to be big enough to also cover related labor, equipment, rental, marketing/advertising, research and development and a lot of other costs in selling the products.


Explanation

Warren Buffett believes that firms with excellent long term economics tend to have consistently higher margins.

Durable competitive advantage creates a high Gross Margin because of the freedom to price in excess of cost. Companies can be categorized by their Gross Margin

1. Greater than 40% = Durable competitive advantage
2. Less than 40% = Competition eroding margins
3. Less than 20% = no sustainable competitive advantage
Consistency of Gross Margin is key

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc had a gross margin of 24.07% for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2016 => Competition eroding margins


Related Terms

Cost of Goods Sold, Gross Margin, Revenue


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15Dec16
Gross_Profit 4621,1603091,4592,6111,1721,484886237389

Cliffs Natural Resources Inc Quarterly Data

Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16Dec16
Gross_Profit 25625681575543319285182
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