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Flowers Foods Inc (NYSE:FLO)
Gross Profit
$1,797 Mil (TTM As of Mar. 2014)

Flowers Foods Inc's gross profit for the three months ended in Mar. 2014 was $564 Mil. Flowers Foods Inc's gross profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2014 was $1,797 Mil.

Gross Margin is calculated as gross profit divided by its revenue. Flowers Foods Inc's gross profit for the three months ended in Mar. 2014 was $564 Mil. Flowers Foods Inc's revenue for the three months ended in Mar. 2014 was $1,160 Mil. Therefore, Flowers Foods Inc's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2014 was 48.62%.

Flowers Foods Inc had a gross margin of 48.62% for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2014 => Durable competitive advantage

During the past 13 years, the highest Gross Margin of Flowers Foods Inc was 50.93%. The lowest was 41.36%. And the median was 47.67%.


Definition

Gross Profit is the different between the sale prices and the cost of buying or producing the goods.

Flowers Foods Inc's Gross Profit for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2013 is calculated as

Gross Profit (A: Dec. 2013 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=3751.005 - 1972.221
=1,779

Flowers Foods Inc's Gross Profit for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2014 is calculated as

Gross Profit (Q: Mar. 2014 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=1159.76 - 595.877
=564

Flowers Foods Inc Gross Profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2014 was 426.539 (Jun. 2013 ) + 410.694 (Sep. 2013 ) + 396.039 (Dec. 2013 ) + 563.883 (Mar. 2014 ) = $1,797 Mil.

Gross Profit is the numerator in the calculation of Gross Margin:

Flowers Foods Inc's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2014 is calculated as

Gross Margin (Q: Mar. 2014 )=Gross Profit (Q: Mar. 2014 ) / Revenue (Q: Mar. 2014 )
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=564 / 1159.76
=48.62 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

A positive Gross Profit is only the first step for a company to make a net profit. The gross profit needs to be big enough to also cover related labor, equipment, rental, marketing/advertising, research and development and a lot of other costs in selling the products.


Explanation

Warren Buffett believes that firms with excellent long term economics tend to have consistently higher margins.

Durable competitive advantage creates a high Gross Margin because of the freedom to price in excess of cost. Companies can be categorized by their Gross Margin

1. Greater than 40% = Durable competitive advantage
2. Less than 40% = Competition eroding margins
3. Less than 20% = no sustainable competitive advantage
Consistency of Gross Margin is key

Flowers Foods Inc had a gross margin of 48.62% for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2014 => Durable competitive advantage


Related Terms

Cost of Goods Sold, Gross Margin, Revenue


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Flowers Foods Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Gross_Profit 7728549399981,1511,2111,2271,3001,4291,779

Flowers Foods Inc Quarterly Data

Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14
Gross_Profit 300419316335359546427411396564
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