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R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co (NYSE:RRD)
Gross Profit
$2,431 Mil (TTM As of Sep. 2016)

R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co's gross profit for the three months ended in Sep. 2016 was $608 Mil. R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co's gross profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2016 was $2,431 Mil.

Gross Margin is calculated as gross profit divided by its revenue. R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co's gross profit for the three months ended in Sep. 2016 was $608 Mil. R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co's revenue for the three months ended in Sep. 2016 was $2,772 Mil. Therefore, R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 was 21.92%.

R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co had a gross margin of 21.92% for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 => Competition eroding margins

During the past 13 years, the highest Gross Margin of R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co was 27.02%. The lowest was 21.89%. And the median was 23.73%.

Warning Sign:

R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co gross margin has been in long term decline. The average rate of decline per year is -1.9%.


Definition

Gross Profit is the different between the sale prices and the cost of buying or producing the goods.

R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co's Gross Profit for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2014 is calculated as

Gross Profit (A: Dec. 2014 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=11603.4 - 9052.8
=2,551

R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co's Gross Profit for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 is calculated as

Gross Profit (Q: Sep. 2016 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=2772.4 - 2164.7
=608

R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co Gross Profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2016 was 648.6 (Dec. 2015 ) + 569.3 (Mar. 2016 ) + 604.9 (Jun. 2016 ) + 607.7 (Sep. 2016 ) = $2,431 Mil.

Gross Profit is the numerator in the calculation of Gross Margin:

R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 is calculated as

Gross Margin (Q: Sep. 2016 )=Gross Profit (Q: Sep. 2016 ) / Revenue (Q: Sep. 2016 )
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=608 / 2772.4
=21.92 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

A positive Gross Profit is only the first step for a company to make a net profit. The gross profit needs to be big enough to also cover related labor, equipment, rental, marketing/advertising, research and development and a lot of other costs in selling the products.


Explanation

Warren Buffett believes that firms with excellent long term economics tend to have consistently higher margins.

Durable competitive advantage creates a high Gross Margin because of the freedom to price in excess of cost. Companies can be categorized by their Gross Margin

1. Greater than 40% = Durable competitive advantage
2. Less than 40% = Competition eroding margins
3. Less than 20% = no sustainable competitive advantage
Consistency of Gross Margin is key

R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co had a gross margin of 21.92% for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 => Competition eroding margins


Related Terms

Cost of Goods Sold, Gross Margin, Revenue


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Gross_Profit 2,5183,0553,0052,3952,3762,5192,3332,3312,5512,464

R.R.Donnelley & Sons Co Quarterly Data

Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16
Gross_Profit 662648668580616620649569605608
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