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Vivendi SA (OTCPK:VIVHY)
Gross Profit
$9,287 Mil (TTM As of Jun. 2014)

Vivendi SA's gross profit for the three months ended in Jun. 2014 was $1,660 Mil. Vivendi SA's gross profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jun. 2014 was $9,287 Mil.

Gross Margin is calculated as gross profit divided by its revenue. Vivendi SA's gross profit for the three months ended in Jun. 2014 was $1,660 Mil. Vivendi SA's revenue for the three months ended in Jun. 2014 was $3,821 Mil. Therefore, Vivendi SA's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2014 was 43.45%.

Vivendi SA had a gross margin of 43.45% for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2014 => Durable competitive advantage

During the past 13 years, the highest Gross Margin of Vivendi SA was 54.40%. The lowest was 27.41%. And the median was 44.68%.

Warning Sign:

Vivendi SA gross margin has been in long term decline. The average rate of decline per year is -3.9%.


Definition

Gross Profit is the different between the sale prices and the cost of buying or producing the goods.

Vivendi SA's Gross Profit for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2013 is calculated as

Gross Profit (A: Dec. 2013 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=30156.6757493 - 17694.8228883
=12,462

Vivendi SA's Gross Profit for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2014 is calculated as

Gross Profit (Q: Jun. 2014 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=3821.38024357 - 2161.02841678
=1,660

Vivendi SA Gross Profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jun. 2014 was 3075.03410641 (Sep. 2013 ) + 3051.77111717 (Dec. 2013 ) + 1500 (Mar. 2014 ) + 1660.35182679 (Jun. 2014 ) = $9,287 Mil.

Gross Profit is the numerator in the calculation of Gross Margin:

Vivendi SA's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2014 is calculated as

Gross Margin (Q: Jun. 2014 )=Gross Profit (Q: Jun. 2014 ) / Revenue (Q: Jun. 2014 )
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=1,660 / 3821.38024357
=43.45 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

A positive Gross Profit is only the first step for a company to make a net profit. The gross profit needs to be big enough to also cover related labor, equipment, rental, marketing/advertising, research and development and a lot of other costs in selling the products.


Explanation

Warren Buffett believes that firms with excellent long term economics tend to have consistently higher margins.

Durable competitive advantage creates a high Gross Margin because of the freedom to price in excess of cost. Companies can be categorized by their Gross Margin

1. Greater than 40% = Durable competitive advantage
2. Less than 40% = Competition eroding margins
3. Less than 20% = no sustainable competitive advantage
Consistency of Gross Margin is key

Vivendi SA had a gross margin of 43.45% for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2014 => Durable competitive advantage


Related Terms

Cost of Goods Sold, Gross Margin, Revenue


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Vivendi SA Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Gross_Profit 11,52611,63313,51717,35117,08619,26519,14018,60913,17212,462

Vivendi SA Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Gross_Profit 4,8613,0973,2323,1691,5481,6833,0753,0521,5001,660
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