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ABB Ltd (NYSE:ABB)
Gross Profit
\$9,762 Mil (TTM As of Mar. 2017)

ABB Ltd's gross profit for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was \$2,373 Mil. ABB Ltd's gross profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2017 was \$9,762 Mil.

Gross Margin is calculated as gross profit divided by its revenue. ABB Ltd's gross profit for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was \$2,373 Mil. ABB Ltd's revenue for the three months ended in Mar. 2017 was \$7,854 Mil. Therefore, ABB Ltd's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2017 was 30.21%.

ABB Ltd had a gross margin of 30.21% for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2017 => Competition eroding margins

During the past 13 years, the highest Gross Margin of ABB Ltd was 31.34%. The lowest was 28.16%. And the median was 29.13%.

Definition

Gross Profit is the different between the sale prices and the cost of buying or producing the goods.

ABB Ltd's Gross Profit for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2016 is calculated as

 Gross Profit (A: Dec. 2016 ) = Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold = 33828 - 24081 = 9,747

ABB Ltd's Gross Profit for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2017 is calculated as

 Gross Profit (Q: Mar. 2017 ) = Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold = 7854 - 5481 = 2,373

ABB Ltd Gross Profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Mar. 2017 was 2415 (Jun. 2016 ) + 2459 (Sep. 2016 ) + 2515 (Dec. 2016 ) + 2373 (Mar. 2017 ) = \$9,762 Mil.

Gross Profit is the numerator in the calculation of Gross Margin:

ABB Ltd's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2017 is calculated as

 Gross Margin (Q: Mar. 2017 ) = Gross Profit (Q: Mar. 2017 ) / Revenue (Q: Mar. 2017 ) = (Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue = 2,373 / 7854 = 30.21 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

A positive Gross Profit is only the first step for a company to make a net profit. The gross profit needs to be big enough to also cover related labor, equipment, rental, marketing/advertising, research and development and a lot of other costs in selling the products.

Explanation

Warren Buffett believes that firms with excellent long term economics tend to have consistently higher margins.

Durable competitive advantage creates a high Gross Margin because of the freedom to price in excess of cost. Companies can be categorized by their Gross Margin

1. Greater than 40% = Durable competitive advantage
2. Less than 40% = Competition eroding margins
3. Less than 20% = no sustainable competitive advantage
Consistency of Gross Margin is key

ABB Ltd had a gross margin of 30.21% for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2017 => Competition eroding margins

Related Terms

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

ABB Ltd Annual Data

 Dec07 Dec08 Dec09 Dec10 Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Dec15 Dec16 Gross_Profit 8,968 10,940 9,325 9,529 11,434 11,378 11,992 11,215 10,134 9,747

ABB Ltd Quarterly Data

 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Dec15 Mar16 Jun16 Sep16 Dec16 Mar17 Gross_Profit 2,841 2,501 2,720 2,518 2,395 2,358 2,415 2,459 2,515 2,373
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