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Carnival Corp (NYSE:CCL)
Gross Profit
$5,295 Mil (TTM As of Aug. 2014)

Carnival Corp's gross profit for the three months ended in Aug. 2014 was $2,193 Mil. Carnival Corp's gross profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Aug. 2014 was $5,295 Mil.

Gross Margin is calculated as gross profit divided by its revenue. Carnival Corp's gross profit for the three months ended in Aug. 2014 was $2,193 Mil. Carnival Corp's revenue for the three months ended in Aug. 2014 was $4,947 Mil. Therefore, Carnival Corp's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Aug. 2014 was 44.33%.

Carnival Corp had a gross margin of 44.33% for the quarter that ended in Aug. 2014 => Durable competitive advantage

During the past 13 years, the highest Gross Margin of Carnival Corp was 47.07%. The lowest was 31.26%. And the median was 43.28%.

Warning Sign:

Carnival Corp gross margin has been in long term decline. The average rate of decline per year is -4.3%.


Definition

Gross Profit is the different between the sale prices and the cost of buying or producing the goods.

Carnival Corp's Gross Profit for the fiscal year that ended in Nov. 2013 is calculated as

Gross Profit (A: Nov. 2013 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=15456 - 10624
=4,832

Carnival Corp's Gross Profit for the quarter that ended in Aug. 2014 is calculated as

Gross Profit (Q: Aug. 2014 )=Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold
=4947 - 2754
=2,193

Carnival Corp Gross Profit for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Aug. 2014 was 1037 (Nov. 2013 ) + 997 (Feb. 2014 ) + 1068 (May. 2014 ) + 2193 (Aug. 2014 ) = $5,295 Mil.

Gross Profit is the numerator in the calculation of Gross Margin:

Carnival Corp's Gross Margin for the quarter that ended in Aug. 2014 is calculated as

Gross Margin (Q: Aug. 2014 )=Gross Profit (Q: Aug. 2014 ) / Revenue (Q: Aug. 2014 )
=(Revenue - Cost of Goods Sold) / Revenue
=2,193 / 4947
=44.33 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

A positive Gross Profit is only the first step for a company to make a net profit. The gross profit needs to be big enough to also cover related labor, equipment, rental, marketing/advertising, research and development and a lot of other costs in selling the products.


Explanation

Warren Buffett believes that firms with excellent long term economics tend to have consistently higher margins.

Durable competitive advantage creates a high Gross Margin because of the freedom to price in excess of cost. Companies can be categorized by their Gross Margin

1. Greater than 40% = Durable competitive advantage
2. Less than 40% = Competition eroding margins
3. Less than 20% = no sustainable competitive advantage
Consistency of Gross Margin is key

Carnival Corp had a gross margin of 44.33% for the quarter that ended in Aug. 2014 => Durable competitive advantage


Related Terms

Cost of Goods Sold, Gross Margin, Revenue


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Carnival Corp Annual Data

Nov04Nov05Nov06Nov07Nov08Nov09Nov10Nov11Nov12Nov13
Gross_Profit 4,2704,8705,0485,4055,6075,0535,3775,4945,0624,832

Carnival Corp Quarterly Data

May12Aug12Nov12Feb13May13Aug13Nov13Feb14May14Aug14
Gross_Profit 1,0602,0871,0279949921,8091,0379971,0682,193
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