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Monster Beverage Corp (NAS:MNST)
Operating Income
$1,062 Mil (TTM As of Sep. 2016)

Monster Beverage Corp's operating income for the three months ended in Sep. 2016 was $290 Mil. Its operating income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2016 was $1,062 Mil.

Operating margin is calculated as operating income divided by its revenue. Monster Beverage Corp's operating income for the three months ended in Sep. 2016 was $290 Mil. Monster Beverage Corp's revenue for the three months ended in Sep. 2016 was $788 Mil. Therefore, Monster Beverage Corp's operating margin for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 was 36.85%.

Good Sign:

Monster Beverage Corp operating margin is expanding. Margin expansion is usually a good sign.

Monster Beverage Corp's 5-Year average Growth Rate for operating margin was 4.00% per year.

Operating Income or EBIT is linked to Return on Capital for both regular definition and Joel Greenblatt’s definition. Monster Beverage Corp's annualized return on capital for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 was 27.91%. Monster Beverage Corp's annualized return on capital (Joel Greenblatt’s) for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 was 222.99%.


Definition

Operating income, is the profit a company earned through operations. All expenses, including cash expenses such as cost of goods sold (COGS), research & development, wages, and non-cash expenses, such as depreciation, depletion and amortization, have been deducted from the sales.

Monster Beverage Corp's Operating Income for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2015 is calculated as

Operating Income(A: Dec. 2015 )
=Revenue-Cost of Goods Sold-Selling, General, & Admin. Expense
=2722.564-1090.263-900.118
-Research & Development-Depreciation, Depletion & Amortization-Others
-0-30.86--192.33
=894

Monster Beverage Corp's Operating Income for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 is calculated as

Operating Income(Q: Sep. 2016 )
=Revenue-Cost of Goods Sold-Selling, General, & Admin. Expense
=787.954-284.979-212.6
-Research & Development-Depreciation, Depletion & Amortization-Others (1)
-0-10.545--10.545
=290

Operating Income(Q: Sep. 2016 )
=EBITDA-Depreciation, Depletion & Amortization-Others (2)
=300.92-10.545-0
=290

Monster Beverage Corp Operating Income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2016 was 228.448 (Dec. 2015 ) + 254.713 (Mar. 2016 ) + 288.523 (Jun. 2016 ) + 290.375 (Sep. 2016 ) = $1,062 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.


Explanation

1. Operating Income or EBIT is linked to Return on Capital for both regular definition and Joel Greenblatt’s definition.

Monster Beverage Corp's annualized Return on Capital (ROC) for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 is calculated as:

Return on Capital (ROC)(Q: Sep. 2016 )
=NOPAT/Average Invested Capital
=Oper. Inc.*(1-Tax Rate)/( (Invested Capital (Q: Jun. 2016 ) + Invested Capital (Q: Sep. 2016 ))/2)
=1161.5 * ( 1 - 33.77% )/( (2713.323 + 2799.221)/2)
=769.26145/2756.272
=27.91 %

where

Invested Capital(Q: Jun. 2016 )
=Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash
=Long-Term Debt + Short-Term Debt + Total Equity - Cash
=0 + 0 + 3192.411 - 479.088
=2713.323

Invested Capital(Q: Sep. 2016 )
=Book Value of Debt + Book Value of Equity - Cash
=Long-Term Debt + Short-Term Debt + Total Equity - Cash
=0 + 0 + 3398.4 - 599.179
=2799.221

Note: The Operating Income data used here is four times the quarterly (Sep. 2016) operating income data.

2. Joel Greenblatt’s definition of Return on Capital:

Monster Beverage Corp's annualized Return on Capital (Joel Greenblatt’s) for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 is calculated as:

ROC (Joel Greenblatt’s)(Q: Sep. 2016 )
=EBIT/Average of (Net fixed Assets + Net Working Capital)
=EBIT/Average of (Net PPE+Net Working Capital)
     Q: Jun. 2016  Q: Sep. 2016
=EBIT/( ( (Net PPE + Net Working Capital) + (Net PPE + Net Working Capital) )/2 )
=1161.5/( ( (102.562 + max(316.381, 0)) + (144.625 + max(478.203, 0)) )/2 )
=1161.5/( ( 418.943 + 622.828 )/2 )
=1161.5/520.8855
=222.99 %

where Working Capital is:

Working Capital(Q: Jun. 2016 )
=(Accts Rec. + Inventory + Other Curr. Ass.) - (Accts Pay. + Defer. Rev. + Other Curr. Liab.)
=(465.708 + 174.401 + 173.628) - (464.303 + 33.053 + 0)
=316.381

Working Capital(Q: Sep. 2016 )
=(Accts Rec. + Inventory + Other Curr. Ass.) - (Accts Pay. + Defer. Rev. + Other Curr. Liab.)
=(467.348 + 167.84 + 315.657) - (438.235 + 34.407 + -1.42108547152E-14)
=478.203

When net working capital is negative, 0 is used.

Note: The Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT) data used here is four times the quarterly (Sep. 2016) EBIT data.

3. Operating Income is also linked to Operating Margin:

Monster Beverage Corp's Operating Margin for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 is calculated as:

Operating Margin=Operating Income (Q: Sep. 2016 )/Total Revenue (Q: Sep. 2016 )
=290.375/787.954
=36.85 %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

4. Please click Growth Rate Calculation Example (GuruFocus) to see how GuruFocus calculates Wal-Mart Stores Inc (WMT)'s revenue growth rate. You can apply the same method to get the operating income growth rate using operating income per share data.


Be Aware

Compared with a company’s EBITDA margin, Operating Margin can be manipulated by adjusting the rate of depreciation, depletion and amortization (DDA).

If a company is facing competition, its Operating Margin may decline. Often the Operating Margin declines well before the company’s revenue or even profit decline. Therefore, Operating Margin is a very important indicator of whether the company is facing problems.

For instance, by 2012, Nokia (NOK)’s problems were well known and its stock had lost more than 90% of its market value since 2007. But Nokia’s Operating Margin had already been in decline since 2002, although its earnings per share were still rising. Investors who paid attention to Operating Margin would have avoided this huge loss. The same can be said for Research-in-Motion (RIMM).

Therefore, Operating Margin is a very important screening filter for GuruFocus. GuruFocus’s Buffett-Munger screener requires that the profit margin is either consistent or expanding. The Model Portfolio of the Buffett-Munger screener has outperformed the market every year since inception in 2009.


Related Terms

Revenue, Cost of Goods Sold, Selling, General, & Admin. Expense, Research & Development, Gross Profit, EBITDA, Depreciation, Depletion and Amortization, Return on Capital, Return on Capital (Joel Greenblatt’s), Earnings Yield, Operating Margin, EBIT, Growth Rate Calculation Example (GuruFocus)


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Monster Beverage Corp Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Operating Income 159231164337348456551573748894

Monster Beverage Corp Quarterly Data

Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16
Operating Income 2161901938366291228255289290
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