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This is the expense the company spent on research and development. Nokia Oyj's research and development for the three months ended in Sep. 2016 was $1,342 Mil. Its research and development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2016 was $4,670 Mil.
This is the expense the company spent on research and development.
Nokia Oyj Research & Development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2016 was 588.235294118 (Dec. 2015 ) + 1378.61915367 (Mar. 2016 ) + 1360.6741573 (Jun. 2016 ) + 1342.31200898 (Sep. 2016 ) = $4,670 Mil.
* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.
If competitive advantage is created by a patent or tech advantage, at some point it will disappear.
High R&D usually dictates high SG&A which threatens the competitive advantage.
Nokia Oyj Annual Data
|Research & Development||5,148||8,204||8,065||8,614||7,755||7,384||6,276||3,593||3,074||2,316|
Nokia Oyj Quarterly Data
|Research & Development||788||807||861||740||751||552||588||1,379||1,361||1,342|