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This is the expense the company spent on research and development. Nokia Oyj's research and development for the three months ended in Sep. 2015 was $552 Mil. Its research and development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2015 was $3,390 Mil.
This is the expense the company spent on research and development.
Nokia Oyj Research & Development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2015 was 1346.48581998 (Dec. 2014 ) + 740.25974026 (Mar. 2015 ) + 750.841750842 (Jun. 2015 ) + 552.188552189 (Sep. 2015 ) = $3,390 Mil.
If competitive advantage is created by a patent or tech advantage, at some point it will disappear.
High R&D usually dictates high SG&A which threatens the competitive advantage.
Nokia Oyj Annual Data
|Research & Development||4,534||5,148||8,204||8,065||8,614||7,755||7,347||4,043||3,593||3,074|
Nokia Oyj Quarterly Data
|Research & Development||916||797||850||815||788||626||1,346||740||751||552|