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This is the expense the company spent on research and development. Nokia Oyj's research and development for the three months ended in Sep. 2015 was $552 Mil. Its research and development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2015 was $2,904 Mil.
This is the expense the company spent on research and development.
Nokia Oyj Research & Development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2015 was 860.665844636 (Dec. 2014 ) + 740.25974026 (Mar. 2015 ) + 750.841750842 (Jun. 2015 ) + 552.188552189 (Sep. 2015 ) = $2,904 Mil.
If competitive advantage is created by a patent or tech advantage, at some point it will disappear.
High R&D usually dictates high SG&A which threatens the competitive advantage.
Nokia Oyj Annual Data
|Research & Development||5,148||8,204||8,065||8,614||7,755||7,384||6,276||3,593||3,074||2,316|
Nokia Oyj Quarterly Data
|Research & Development||1,190||-350||815||788||807||861||740||751||552||599|