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This is the expense the company spent on research and development. Nokia Oyj's research and development for the three months ended in Dec. 2014 was $861 Mil. Its research and development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2014 was $3,270 Mil.
This is the expense the company spent on research and development.
Nokia Oyj Research & Development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2014 was 814.661134163 (Mar. 2014 ) + 788.043478261 (Jun. 2014 ) + 806.701030928 (Sep. 2014 ) + 860.665844636 (Dec. 2014 ) = $3,270 Mil.
If competitive advantage is created by a patent or tech advantage, at some point it will disappear.
High R&D usually dictates high SG&A which threatens the competitive advantage.
Nokia Oyj Annual Data
|Research & Development||4,534||5,148||8,204||8,065||8,614||7,755||7,347||4,043||3,593||3,074|
Nokia Oyj Quarterly Data
|Research & Development||1,438||-752||917||916||797||850||815||788||807||861|