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This is the expense the company spent on research and development. Gazprom PJSC's research and development for the three months ended in Sep. 2016 was $199 Mil. Its research and development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2016 was $560 Mil.
This is the expense the company spent on research and development.
Gazprom PJSC Research & Development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Sep. 2016 was 137.514975184 (Dec. 2015 ) + 124.507958241 (Mar. 2016 ) + 99.2811911689 (Jun. 2016 ) + 199.007359233 (Sep. 2016 ) = $560 Mil.
If competitive advantage is created by a patent or tech advantage, at some point it will disappear.
High R&D usually dictates high SG&A which threatens the competitive advantage.
Gazprom PJSC Annual Data
|Research & Development||0||265||341||488||413||505||338||286||336||523|
Gazprom PJSC Quarterly Data
|Research & Development||0||146||44||96||132||158||138||125||99||199|