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This is the expense the company spent on research and development. Gazprom PJSC's research and development for the three months ended in Jun. 2016 was $91 Mil. Its research and development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jun. 2016 was $473 Mil.
This is the expense the company spent on research and development.
Gazprom PJSC Research & Development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Jun. 2016 was 143.896347175 (Sep. 2015 ) + 125.429285045 (Dec. 2015 ) + 113.565407431 (Mar. 2016 ) + 90.5557290041 (Jun. 2016 ) = $473 Mil.
* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.
If competitive advantage is created by a patent or tech advantage, at some point it will disappear.
High R&D usually dictates high SG&A which threatens the competitive advantage.
Gazprom PJSC Annual Data
|Research & Development||0||242||311||445||377||460||309||261||307||477|
Gazprom PJSC Quarterly Data
|Research & Development||74||0||133||40||88||121||144||125||114||91|