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This is the expense the company spent on research and development. Gazprom PJSC's research and development for the three months ended in Dec. 2014 was $325 Mil. Its research and development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2014 was $1,418 Mil.
This is the expense the company spent on research and development.
Gazprom PJSC Research & Development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2014 was 488.309322736 (Dec. 2011 ) + 327.305845339 (Dec. 2012 ) + 277.165093559 (Dec. 2013 ) + 325.434674615 (Dec. 2014 ) = $1,418 Mil.
If competitive advantage is created by a patent or tech advantage, at some point it will disappear.
High R&D usually dictates high SG&A which threatens the competitive advantage.
Gazprom PJSC Annual Data
|Research & Development||0||0||256||330||472||400||488||327||277||325|
Gazprom PJSC Quarterly Data
|Research & Development||108||0||256||330||472||400||488||327||277||325|