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This is the expense the company spent on research and development. Gazprom PJSC's research and development for the three months ended in Dec. 2015 was $124 Mil. Its research and development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2015 was $353 Mil.
This is the expense the company spent on research and development.
Gazprom PJSC Research & Development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2015 was 86.6008027169 (Mar. 2015 ) + 0 (Jun. 2015 ) + 142.297005249 (Sep. 2015 ) + 124.035196048 (Dec. 2015 ) = $353 Mil.
* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.
If competitive advantage is created by a patent or tech advantage, at some point it will disappear.
High R&D usually dictates high SG&A which threatens the competitive advantage.
Gazprom PJSC Annual Data
|Research & Development||0||239||308||440||373||455||305||258||303||472|
Gazprom PJSC Quarterly Data
|Research & Development||47||96||73||0||132||40||87||0||142||124|