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This is the expense the company spent on research and development. Royal Dutch Shell PLC's research and development for the three months ended in Dec. 2013 was $428 Mil. Its research and development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2013 was $1,318 Mil.
This is the expense the company spent on research and development.
Royal Dutch Shell PLC Research & Development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2013 was 294 (Mar. 2013 ) + 305 (Jun. 2013 ) + 291 (Sep. 2013 ) + 428 (Dec. 2013 ) = $1,318 Mil.
* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.
If competitive advantage is created by a patent or tech advantage, at some point it will disappear.
High R&D usually dictates high SG&A which threatens the competitive advantage.
Royal Dutch Shell PLC Annual Data
|Research & Development||0||0||0||0||1,230||1,125||1,019||1,123||1,307||1,318|
Royal Dutch Shell PLC Quarterly Data
|Research & Development||253||402||294||287||310||416||294||305||291||428|