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This is the expense the company spent on research and development. Royal Dutch Shell PLC's research and development for the three months ended in Dec. 2015 was $297 Mil. Its research and development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2015 was $1,093 Mil.
This is the expense the company spent on research and development.
Royal Dutch Shell PLC Research & Development for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2015 was 253 (Mar. 2015 ) + 252 (Jun. 2015 ) + 291 (Sep. 2015 ) + 297 (Dec. 2015 ) = $1,093 Mil.
If competitive advantage is created by a patent or tech advantage, at some point it will disappear.
High R&D usually dictates high SG&A which threatens the competitive advantage.
Royal Dutch Shell PLC Annual Data
|Research & Development||0||0||1,230||1,125||1,019||1,125||1,314||1,318||1,222||1,093|
Royal Dutch Shell PLC Quarterly Data
|Research & Development||291||428||283||274||302||363||253||252||291||297|