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GuruFocus has detected 2 Warning Signs with H&R Block Inc \$HRB.
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H&R Block Inc (NYSE:HRB)
ROE %
0.00% (As of Jan. 2017)

Return on equity is calculated as net income divided by its average shareholder equity. H&R Block Inc's annualized net income for the quarter that ended in Jan. 2017 was \$-418 Mil. H&R Block Inc's average shareholder equity for the quarter that ended in Jan. 2017 was \$-679 Mil. Therefore, H&R Block Inc's annualized return on equity (ROE) for the quarter that ended in Jan. 2017 was N/A%.

During the past 13 years, H&R Block Inc's highest Return on Equity (ROE) was 40.58%. The lowest was -25.70%. And the median was 30.81%.

Definition

H&R Block Inc's annualized Return on Equity (ROE) for the fiscal year that ended in Apr. 2016 is calculated as

 ROE = Net Income (A: Apr. 2016 ) / ( (Total Equity (A: Apr. 2015 ) + Total Equity (A: Apr. 2016 )) / 2 ) = 374.267 / ( (1832.949 + 23.103) / 2 ) = 374.267 / 928.026 = 40.33 %

H&R Block Inc's annualized Return on Equity (ROE) for the quarter that ended in Jan. 2017 is calculated as

 ROE = Net Income (Q: Jan. 2017 ) / ( (Total Equity (Q: Oct. 2016 ) + Total Equity (Q: Jan. 2017 )) / 2 ) = -418.056 / ( (-557.471 + -800.816) / 2 ) = -418.056 / -679.1435 = N/A %

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

In the calculation of annual return on equity, the net income of the last fiscal year and the average total shareholder equity over the fiscal year are used. In calculating the quarterly data, the Net Income data used here is four times the quarterly (Jan. 2017) net income data. Return on Equity is displayed in the 15-year financial page.

Explanation

Return on Equity (ROE) measures the rate of return on the ownership interest (shareholder's equity) of the common stock owners. It measures a firm's efficiency at generating profits from every unit of shareholders' equity (also known as net assets or assets minus liabilities). ROE shows how well a company uses investment funds to generate earnings growth. ROEs between 15% and 20% are considered desirable.

The factors that affect a companys Return on Equity (ROE) can be illustrated with the Du Pont Formula:

 Return on Equity (ROE) (Q: Jan. 2017 ) = Net Income / Average Shareholder Equity = -418.056 / -679.1435 = (Net Income / Revenue) * (Revenue / Average Total Assets) * (Average Total Assets / Average Equity) = (-418.056 / 1807.528) * (1807.528 / 2329.9045) * (2329.9045 / -679.1435) = Net Profit Margin * Asset Turnover * Leverage Ratio = -23.13 % * 0.7758 * N/A = Return on Assets * Leverage Ratio = -17.94 % * N/A = N/A %

Note: The Net Income data used here is four times the quarterly (Jan. 2017) net income data. The Revenue data used here is four times the quarterly (Jan. 2017) revenue data.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

With this breakdown, it is clear that if a company grows its Net Profit Margin, its Asset Turnover, or its Leverage, it can grow its return on equity.

Be Aware

The net income used here is the net income to common shareholders.

Because a company can increase its return on equity by having more financial leverage, it is important to watch the leverage ratio when investing in high ROE companies. Like ROA, ROE is calculated with only 12 months data. Fluctuations in companys earnings or business cycles can affect the ratio drastically. It is important to look at the ratio from a long term perspective.

Asset light businesses require very few assets to generate very high earnings. Their ROEs can be extremely high.

Related Terms

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

H&R Block Inc Annual Data

 Apr07 Apr08 Apr09 Apr10 Apr11 Apr12 Apr13 Apr14 Apr15 Apr16 ROE -24.35 -25.70 40.58 33.67 28.10 19.16 33.52 33.70 27.95 40.33

H&R Block Inc Quarterly Data

 Oct14 Jan15 Apr15 Jul15 Oct15 Jan16 Apr16 Jul16 Oct16 Jan17 ROE -33.99 -12.39 198.39 -22.76 -70.69 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
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