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Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd (OTCPK:ANZBY)
Retained Earnings
$21,347 Mil (As of Mar. 2014)

Retained earnings is the accumulated portion of net income that is not distributed to shareholders. Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd's retained earnings for the quarter that ended in Mar. 2014 was $21,347 Mil.

Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd's quarterly retained earnings declined from Mar. 2013 ($21,323 Mil) to Sep. 2013 ($20,903 Mil) but then increased from Sep. 2013 ($20,903 Mil) to Mar. 2014 ($21,347 Mil).

Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd's annual retained earnings increased from Sep. 2011 ($18,095 Mil) to Sep. 2012 ($20,317 Mil) and increased from Sep. 2012 ($20,317 Mil) to Sep. 2013 ($20,903 Mil).


Definition

Retained Earnings is the accumulated portion of net income that is not distributed to shareholders. Because the net income was not distributed to shareholders, shareholders’ equity is increased by the same amount.

Of course, if a company loses, it is called retained losses, or accumulated losses.


Explanation

Historically profitable companies sometimes have negative retained earnings. This is because they have cumulatively paid out more to shareholders than they reported in profits.

For example, in 2011, Microsoft had negative retained earnings. This does not mean the company lost more money than it made over the years. It just means it paid out more money than it earned.

If a company has negative retained earnings, investors should check the 10-year financial results. They should not assume that negative retained earnings prove a company has generally lost money in the past.

Of course, many companies with negative retained earnings have indeed lost money in the past.

Retained Earnings: Warren Buffett’s Secret.

One of the most important indicators of durable competitive advantage. Net earnings can be paid out as dividends, used to buy back shares or retained for growth.

If the company loses more than it has accumulated, retained earnings is negative.

If a company isn’t adding to its retained earnings, it isn’t growing its net worth.

Rate of growth of retained earnings is good indicator whether it’s benefiting from a competitive advantage.

Microsoft is negative because it chose to buyback stock and pay dividends.

The more earnings retained, the faster it grows and increases growth rate for future earnings.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd Annual Data

Sep04Sep05Sep06Sep07Sep08Sep09Sep10Sep11Sep12Sep13
Retained Earnings 6,1207,0848,35911,7759,45912,81015,63918,09520,31720,903

Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd Semi-Annual Data

Sep09Mar10Sep10Mar11Sep11Mar12Sep12Mar13Sep13Mar14
Retained Earnings 12,81013,54515,63917,76118,09519,41820,31721,32320,90321,347
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