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Retained earnings is the accumulated portion of net income that is not distributed to shareholders. Vivendi SA's retained earnings for the quarter that ended in Jun. 2015 was $9,829 Mil.
Vivendi SA's quarterly retained earnings increased from Dec. 2014 ($0 Mil) to Mar. 2015 ($11,505 Mil) but then declined from Mar. 2015 ($11,505 Mil) to Jun. 2015 ($9,829 Mil).
Vivendi SA's annual retained earnings declined from Dec. 2012 ($3,671 Mil) to Dec. 2013 ($0 Mil) but then stayed the same from Dec. 2013 ($0 Mil) to Dec. 2014 ($0 Mil).
Retained Earnings is the accumulated portion of net income that is not distributed to shareholders. Because the net income was not distributed to shareholders, shareholders equity is increased by the same amount.
Of course, if a company loses, it is called retained losses, or accumulated losses.
Historically profitable companies sometimes have negative retained earnings. This is because they have cumulatively paid out more to shareholders than they reported in profits.
For example, in 2011, Microsoft had negative retained earnings. This does not mean the company lost more money than it made over the years. It just means it paid out more money than it earned.
If a company has negative retained earnings, investors should check the 10-year financial results. They should not assume that negative retained earnings prove a company has generally lost money in the past.
Of course, many companies with negative retained earnings have indeed lost money in the past.
Retained Earnings: Warren Buffetts Secret.
One of the most important indicators of durable competitive advantage. Net earnings can be paid out as dividends, used to buy back shares or retained for growth.
If the company loses more than it has accumulated, retained earnings is negative.
If a company isnt adding to its retained earnings, it isnt growing its net worth.
Rate of growth of retained earnings is good indicator whether its benefiting from a competitive advantage.
Microsoft is negative because it chose to buyback stock and pay dividends.
The more earnings retained, the faster it grows and increases growth rate for future earnings.
Vivendi SA Annual Data
Vivendi SA Quarterly Data