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GuruFocus has detected 6 Warning Signs with 3M Co $FRA:MMM.
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Retained Earnings
€33,632 Mil (As of Sep. 2016)

Retained earnings is the accumulated portion of net income that is not distributed to shareholders. 3M Co's retained earnings for the quarter that ended in Sep. 2016 was €33,632 Mil.

3M Co's quarterly retained earnings increased from Mar. 2016 (€33,033 Mil) to Jun. 2016 (€33,103 Mil) and increased from Jun. 2016 (€33,103 Mil) to Sep. 2016 (€33,632 Mil).

3M Co's annual retained earnings increased from Dec. 2013 (€23,663 Mil) to Dec. 2014 (€27,832 Mil) and increased from Dec. 2014 (€27,832 Mil) to Dec. 2015 (€33,577 Mil).


Retained Earnings is the accumulated portion of net income that is not distributed to shareholders. Because the net income was not distributed to shareholders, shareholders’ equity is increased by the same amount.

Of course, if a company loses, it is called retained losses, or accumulated losses.


Historically profitable companies sometimes have negative retained earnings. This is because they have cumulatively paid out more to shareholders than they reported in profits.

For example, in 2011, Microsoft had negative retained earnings. This does not mean the company lost more money than it made over the years. It just means it paid out more money than it earned.

If a company has negative retained earnings, investors should check the 10-year financial results. They should not assume that negative retained earnings prove a company has generally lost money in the past.

Of course, many companies with negative retained earnings have indeed lost money in the past.

Retained Earnings: Warren Buffett’s Secret.

One of the most important indicators of durable competitive advantage. Net earnings can be paid out as dividends, used to buy back shares or retained for growth.

If the company loses more than it has accumulated, retained earnings is negative.

If a company isn’t adding to its retained earnings, it isn’t growing its net worth.

Rate of growth of retained earnings is good indicator whether it’s benefiting from a competitive advantage.

Microsoft is negative because it chose to buyback stock and pay dividends.

The more earnings retained, the faster it grows and increases growth rate for future earnings.

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

3M Co Annual Data

Retained Earnings 13,57513,95716,44716,29519,65121,54423,37823,66327,83233,577

3M Co Quarterly Data

Retained Earnings 24,90326,75927,83232,41231,73432,28633,57733,03333,10333,632
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