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Phoenix Companies Inc (NYSE:PNX)
Retained Earnings
$-1,697 Mil (As of Dec. 2012)

Retained earnings is the accumulated portion of net income that is not distributed to shareholders. Phoenix Companies Inc's retained earnings for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2012 was $-1,697 Mil.

Phoenix Companies Inc's quarterly retained earnings declined from Jun. 2012 ($-1,381 Mil) to Sep. 2012 ($-1,676 Mil) and declined from Sep. 2012 ($-1,676 Mil) to Dec. 2012 ($-1,697 Mil).

Phoenix Companies Inc's annual retained earnings declined from Dec. 2010 ($-1,164 Mil) to Dec. 2011 ($-1,529 Mil) and declined from Dec. 2011 ($-1,529 Mil) to Dec. 2012 ($-1,697 Mil).


Definition

Retained Earnings is the accumulated portion of net income that is not distributed to shareholders. Because the net income was not distributed to shareholders, shareholders’ equity is increased by the same amount.

Of course, if a company loses, it is called retained losses, or accumulated losses.


Explanation

Historically profitable companies sometimes have negative retained earnings. This is because they have cumulatively paid out more to shareholders than they reported in profits.

For example, in 2011, Microsoft had negative retained earnings. This does not mean the company lost more money than it made over the years. It just means it paid out more money than it earned.

If a company has negative retained earnings, investors should check the 10-year financial results. They should not assume that negative retained earnings prove a company has generally lost money in the past.

Of course, many companies with negative retained earnings have indeed lost money in the past.

Retained Earnings: Warren Buffett’s Secret.

One of the most important indicators of durable competitive advantage. Net earnings can be paid out as dividends, used to buy back shares or retained for growth.

If the company loses more than it has accumulated, retained earnings is negative.

If a company isn’t adding to its retained earnings, it isn’t growing its net worth.

Rate of growth of retained earnings is good indicator whether it’s benefiting from a competitive advantage.

Microsoft is negative because it chose to buyback stock and pay dividends.

The more earnings retained, the faster it grows and increases growth rate for future earnings.


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Phoenix Companies Inc Annual Data

Dec03Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12
Retained Earnings 0-286-193-111-21-840-1,147-1,164-1,529-1,697

Phoenix Companies Inc Quarterly Data

Sep10Dec10Mar11Jun11Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12
Retained Earnings -1,152-1,164-1,170-1,165-1,133-1,529-1,368-1,381-1,676-1,697
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