For the Shiller P/E, the earnings of the past 10 years are inflation-adjusted and averaged. The result is used for P/E calculation. Since it looks at the average over the last 10 years, the Shiller P/E is also called PE10.
Compared with the regular P/E ratio, which works poorly for cyclical businesses, the Shiller P/E smoothed out the fluctuations of profit margins during business cycles. Therefore it is more accurate in reflecting the valuation of the company.
If a company has consistent business performance, the Shiller P/E should give similar results to regular P/E.
Compared with the P/S ratio, the Shiller P/E makes the comparison between different industries more meaningful.
The Shiller P/E assumes that over the long term, businesses and profitability revert to their means. If a companys business model does not work in the future compared with the past, the Shiller P/E and P/S ratio will give false valuations.
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