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GuruFocus has detected 3 Warning Signs with Unum Group $UNM.
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Unum Group (NYSE:UNM)
Enterprise Value
$12,615 Mil (As of Today)

Think of enterprise value as the theoretical takeover price. It is more comprehensive than market capitalization (market cap), which only includes common equity. Enterprise Value is calculated as the market cap plus debt and minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.

EV/EBIT ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBIT. As of today, Unum Group's enterprise value is $12,615 Mil. Unum Group's earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2016 was $1,514 Mil. Therefore, Unum Group's EV/EBIT ratio for today is 8.33.

EV/EBITDA ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBITDA. As of today, Unum Group's enterprise value is $12,615 Mil. Unum Group's earnings before depreciation and amortization for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2016 was $1,615 Mil. Therefore, Unum Group's EV/EBITDA ratio for today is 7.81.

EV/Revenue ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its Revenue. As of today, Unum Group's enterprise value is $12,615 Mil. Unum Group's revenue for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2016 was $11,047 Mil. Therefore, Unum Group's EV/Revenue ratio for today is 1.14.


Definition

Enterprise Value is calculated as the market cap plus debt and minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.

Unum Group's Enterprise Value for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2016 is calculated as

Enterprise Value (A: Dec. 2016 )
=Market Cap+Preferred Stock+Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation
=10095.9926+0+2999.4
+Current Portion of Long-Term Debt+Minority Interest-Cash and Cash Equivalents
+0+0-880.4
=12,215

Unum Group's Enterprise Value for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2016 is calculated as

Enterprise Value (Q: Dec. 2016 )
=Market Cap+Preferred Stock+Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation
=10095.9926+0+2999.4
+Current Portion of Long-Term Debt+Minority Interest-Cash and Cash Equivalents
+0+0-880.4
=12,215

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.


Explanation

When an investor buy a company, the investor needs to pay not only the common shares, he/she also needs to pay the shareholders of Preferred Stocks. He also assumes the debt of the company, and receives the cash on the company's balance sheet.

If a company has more cash than debt, the investor actually pays less than the Market Cap because he immediately owns the cash once the transaction goes through.

The market value of Preferred Stock needs to be added to the market value of common stocks in the calculation of enterprise value.

For the companies with the same Market Cap, the smaller the Enterprise Value is, the cheaper the company is.

Enterprise Value can be negative when the company's net cash is more than its Market Cap. In this case the investor is basically getting the company for free and get paid for that.

1. EV/EBIT ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBIT.

Unum Group's EV/EBIT for today is

Unum Group's current Enterprise Value is $12,615 Mil.
Unum Group's Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT) for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2016 was 342.8 (Mar. 2016 ) + 382.6 (Jun. 2016 ) + 377.3 (Sep. 2016 ) + 411 (Dec. 2016 ) = $1,514 Mil.

2. EV/EBITDA ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBITDA.

Unum Group's EV/EBITDA for today is:

Unum Group's current Enterprise Value is $12,615 Mil.
Unum Group's Earnings Before Depreciation and Amortization for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2016 was 368.2 (Mar. 2016 ) + 407.8 (Jun. 2016 ) + 402.6 (Sep. 2016 ) + 436.8 (Dec. 2016 ) = $1,615 Mil.

3. EV/Revenue ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its Revenue.

Unum Group's EV/Revenue for today is:

EV/Revenue ratio=Enterprise Value (Today)/Revenue (TTM)
=12615.407/11046.5
=1.14

Unum Group's current Enterprise Value is $12,615 Mil.
Unum Group's Earnings Before Depreciation and Amortization for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2016 was 2725.4 (Mar. 2016 ) + 2761.3 (Jun. 2016 ) + 2763.3 (Sep. 2016 ) + 2796.5 (Dec. 2016 ) = $11,047 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.


Related Terms

Market Cap, Preferred Stock, Long-Term Debt & Capital Lease Obligation, Cash and Cash Equivalents, Current Portion of Long-Term Debt


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Unum Group Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15Dec16
ev 9,2587,3768,0899,3077,5107,29910,72610,5049,90112,215

Unum Group Quarterly Data

Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16Dec16
ev 10,51210,50410,37910,6659,8259,9019,2819,36810,37212,215
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