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Zipcar Inc (NAS:ZIP)
Enterprise Value
$364.8 Mil (As of Dec. 2012)

Think of enterprise value as the theoretical takeover price. It is more comprehensive than market capitalization (market cap), which only includes common equity. Enterprise Value is calculated as the market cap plus debt and minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.

EV/EBIT ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBIT. As of today, Zipcar Inc's enterprise value is $542.3 Mil. Zipcar Inc's operating income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2012 was $6.1 Mil. Therefore, Zipcar Inc's EV/EBIT ratio for today is 88.93.

EV/EBITDA ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBITDA. As of today, Zipcar Inc's enterprise value is $542.3 Mil. Zipcar Inc's earnings before depreciation and amortization for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2012 was $47.4 Mil. Therefore, Zipcar Inc's EV/EBITDA ratio for today is 11.45.

EV/Revenue ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its Revenue. As of today, Zipcar Inc's enterprise value is $542.3 Mil. Zipcar Inc's revenue for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2012 was $278.9 Mil. Therefore, Zipcar Inc's EV/Revenue ratio for today is 1.94.


Definition

Enterprise Value is calculated as the market cap plus debt and minority interest and preferred shares, minus total cash and cash equivalents.

Zipcar Inc's Enterprise Value for the fiscal year that ended in Dec. 2012 is calculated as

Enterprise Value (A: Dec. 2012 )
=Market Cap+Preferred Stock+Long-Term Debt
=342.3308+0+94.716
+Short-Term Debt Without Lease+Minority Interest-Cash and Cash Equivalents
+0+0-67.493
=369.6

Zipcar Inc's Enterprise Value for the quarter that ended in Dec. 2012 is calculated as

Enterprise Value (Q: Dec. 2012 )
=Market Cap+Preferred Stock+Long-Term Debt
=337.60104+0+94.716
+Short-Term Debt Without Lease+Minority Interest-Cash and Cash Equivalents
+0+0-67.493
=364.8

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.


Explanation

When an investor buy a company, the investor needs to pay not only the common shares, he/she also needs to pay the shareholders of Preferred Stocks. He also assumes the debt of the company, and receives the cash on the company's balance sheet.

If a company has more cash than debt, the investor actually pays less than the Market Cap because he immediately owns the cash once the transaction goes through.

The market value of Preferred Stock needs to be added to the market value of common stocks in the calculation of enterprise value.

For the companies with the same Market Cap, the smaller the Enterprise Value is, the cheaper the company is.

Enterprise Value can be negative when the company's net cash is more than its Market Cap. In this case the investor is basically getting the company for free and get paid for that.

1. EV/EBIT ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBIT.

Zipcar Inc's EV/EBIT for today is

EV/EBIT ratio=Enterprise Value (Today)/Operating Income (TTM)
=542.289/6.098
=88.93

Zipcar Inc's current Enterprise Value is $542.3 Mil.
Zipcar Inc's Operating Income for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2012 was -2.131 (Mar. 2012 ) + 0.719 (Jun. 2012 ) + 4.342 (Sep. 2012 ) + 3.168 (Dec. 2012 ) = $6.1 Mil.

2. EV/EBITDA ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its EBITDA.

Zipcar Inc's EV/EBITDA for today is:

Zipcar Inc's current Enterprise Value is $542.3 Mil.
Zipcar Inc's Earnings Before Depreciation and Amortization for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2012 was 6.776 (Mar. 2012 ) + 10.351 (Jun. 2012 ) + 16.046 (Sep. 2012 ) + 14.178 (Dec. 2012 ) = $47.4 Mil.

3. EV/Revenue ratio is calculated as enterprise value divided by its Revenue.

Zipcar Inc's EV/Revenue for today is:

EV/Revenue ratio=Enterprise Value (Today)/Revenue (TTM)
=542.289/278.868
=1.94

Zipcar Inc's current Enterprise Value is $542.3 Mil.
Zipcar Inc's Earnings Before Depreciation and Amortization for the trailing twelve months (TTM) ended in Dec. 2012 was 59.133 (Mar. 2012 ) + 70.809 (Jun. 2012 ) + 78.232 (Sep. 2012 ) + 70.694 (Dec. 2012 ) = $278.9 Mil.

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.


Related Terms

Market Cap, Preferred Stock, Long-Term Debt, Cash and Cash Equivalents


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Zipcar Inc Annual Data

Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12
ev 0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0366.7369.6

Zipcar Inc Quarterly Data

Sep10Dec10Mar11Jun11Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12
ev 0.00.00.0626.5738.9501.2577.7506.9372.4364.8
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