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ABB Ltd (NYSE:ABB)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

ABB Ltd has an F-score of 7 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

ABB' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 8
Current: 7

2
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of ABB Ltd was 8. The lowest was 2. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Net Income was 636 + 544 + 525 + 835 = $2,540 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 888 + -45 + 2092 + 1241 = $4,176 Mil.
Revenue was 10190 + 9471 + 11373 + 10535 = $41,569 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2885 + 2727 + 2942 + 3174 = $11,728 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun13) was $45,513 Mil.
Total Assets was $47,075 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7,585 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $26,384 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $16,886 Mil.
Net Income was 763 + 664 + 604 + 759 = $2,790 Mil.

Revenue was 10225 + 9715 + 11021 + 9745 = $40,706 Mil.
Gross Profit was 3025 + 2851 + 2923 + 2923 = $11,722 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun12) was $45,343 Mil.
Total Assets was $45,513 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7,417 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $25,069 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $16,363 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

ABB Ltd's current net income was 2,540. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

ABB Ltd's current cash flow from operations was 4,176. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jun13)
=2540/45513
=0.05580823

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jun12)
=2790/45343
=0.061531

ABB Ltd's return on assets of this year was 0.05580823. ABB Ltd's return on assets of last year was 0.061531. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

ABB Ltd's current net income was 2,540. ABB Ltd's current cash flow from operations was 4,176. ==> 4,176 > 2,540 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=7585/47075
=0.16112586

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=7417/45513
=0.16296443

ABB Ltd's gearing of this year was 0.16112586. ABB Ltd's gearing of last year was 0.16296443. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=26384/16886
=1.56247779

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=25069/16363
=1.53205402

ABB Ltd's current ratio of this year was 1.56247779. ABB Ltd's current ratio of last year was 1.53205402. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

ABB Ltd's number of shares in issue this year was 2302. ABB Ltd's number of shares in issue last year was 2304. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=11728/41569
=0.28213332

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=11722/40706
=0.28796738

ABB Ltd's gross margin of this year was 0.28213332. ABB Ltd's gross margin of last year was 0.28796738. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jun13)
=41569/45513
=0.91334344

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jun12)
=40706/45343
=0.89773504

ABB Ltd's asset turnover of this year was 0.91334344. ABB Ltd's asset turnover of last year was 0.89773504. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+1+1+1+0+1
=7

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

ABB Ltd has an F-score of 7 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

ABB Ltd Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 0111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1111000100
Q4 1110111111
Q5 1111101000
Q6 0111010011
Q7 0000010100
Q8 1111101000
Q9 0111000100
F-score 5887555644

ABB Ltd Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1000000000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0000000001
Q6 1111011111
Q7 0000000001
Q8 0000000000
Q9 1000000001
F-score 6444344447
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