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GuruFocus has detected 4 Warning Signs with AmerisourceBergen Corp $ABC.
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AmerisourceBergen Corp (NYSE:ABC)
Piotroski F-Score
8 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 8 is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

AmerisourceBergen Corp has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

ABC' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 8
Current: 8

3
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of AmerisourceBergen Corp was 8. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Dec16) TTM:Last Year (Dec15) TTM:
Net Income was 604.135 + 349.803 + 143.614 + 247.246 = $1,345 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 878.972 + 191.372 + 1356.539 + -430.355 = $1,997 Mil.
Revenue was 35698.357 + 36881.68 + 37560.603 + 38169.265 = $148,310 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1075.331 + 1107.863 + 1124.535 + 1037.68 = $4,345 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Dec15)
to the end of this year (Dec16) was
(30755.802 + 32495.355 + 31914.243 + 33656.2 + 33919.272) / 5 = $32548.1744 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec15) was $30,756 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,872 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $23,079 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $25,543 Mil.
Net Income was -513.39 + 214.163 + 361.009 + 329.639 = $391 Mil.

Revenue was 32669.267 + 34233.556 + 35470.378 + 36709.046 = $139,082 Mil.
Gross Profit was 911.976 + 891.464 + 973.574 + 964.877 = $3,742 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Dec14)
to the end of last year (Dec15) was
(24904.916 + 27005.53 + 27333.504 + 27962.982 + 30755.802) / 5 = $27592.5468 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec14) was $24,905 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $4,393 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $20,362 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $24,024 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

AmerisourceBergen Corp's current net income (TTM) was 1,345. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

AmerisourceBergen Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 1,997. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec15)
=1344.798/30755.802
=0.04372502

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec14)
=391.421/24904.916
=0.01571662

AmerisourceBergen Corp's return on assets of this year was 0.04372502. AmerisourceBergen Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.01571662. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

AmerisourceBergen Corp's current net income (TTM) was 1,345. AmerisourceBergen Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 1,997. ==> 1,997 > 1,345 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Dec16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec15 to Dec16
=3871.584/32548.1744
=0.11894934

Gearing (Last Year: Dec15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec14 to Dec15
=4393.317/27592.5468
=0.15922115

AmerisourceBergen Corp's gearing of this year was 0.11894934. AmerisourceBergen Corp's gearing of last year was 0.15922115. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Dec16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=23078.756/25542.758
=0.90353422

Current Ratio (Last Year: Dec15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=20361.675/24024.341
=0.84754354

AmerisourceBergen Corp's current ratio of this year was 0.90353422. AmerisourceBergen Corp's current ratio of last year was 0.84754354. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

AmerisourceBergen Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 222. AmerisourceBergen Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 226.7. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=4345.409/148309.905
=0.02929952

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3741.891/139082.247
=0.02690416

AmerisourceBergen Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.02929952. AmerisourceBergen Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.02690416. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec15)
=148309.905/30755.802
=4.82217648

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec14)
=139082.247/24904.916
=5.58452986

AmerisourceBergen Corp's asset turnover of this year was 4.82217648. AmerisourceBergen Corp's asset turnover of last year was 5.58452986. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+0
=8

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

AmerisourceBergen Corp has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

AmerisourceBergen Corp Annual Data

Sep07Sep08Sep09Sep10Sep11Sep12Sep13Sep14Sep15Sep16
Question 1 1111111101
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0011100001
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0010101001
Question 6 0001000100
Question 7 1111111010
Question 8 0001110011
Question 9 0110001100
F-score 4577756546

AmerisourceBergen Corp Quarterly Data

Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16Dec16
Question 1 1100011111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0000011111
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0000001111
Question 6 1110000001
Question 7 0110100101
Question 8 0011111111
Question 9 1100000000
F-score 5653456768
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