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Accenture PLC (NYSE:ACN)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Accenture PLC has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

ACN' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4   Max: 9
Current: 5

4
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Accenture PLC was 9. The lowest was 4. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Feb17) TTM:Last Year (Feb16) TTM:
Net Income was 897.247 + 1069.226 + 1004.476 + 838.752 = $3,810 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 1512.224 + 2055.439 + 1083.882 + 154.703 = $4,806 Mil.
Revenue was 8969.044 + 8965.58 + 9005.603 + 8762.182 = $35,702 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2689.552 + 2655.54 + 2730.032 + 2504.156 = $10,579 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Feb16)
to the end of this year (Feb17) was
(18147.778 + 19191.047 + 20609.004 + 20443.741 + 20078.773) / 5 = $19694.0686 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Feb16) was $18,148 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $25 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $10,764 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $8,353 Mil.
Net Income was 793.697 + 737.628 + 818.899 + 1326.52 = $3,677 Mil.

Revenue was 8275.066 + 8364.511 + 8465.984 + 8397.053 = $33,503 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2524.905 + 2504.405 + 2562.519 + 2369.816 = $9,962 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Feb15)
to the end of last year (Feb16) was
(16991.565 + 17308.727 + 18202.647 + 17993.875 + 18147.778) / 5 = $17728.9184 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Feb15) was $16,992 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $27 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $10,679 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $7,573 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Accenture PLC's current net income (TTM) was 3,810. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Accenture PLC's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 4,806. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Feb16)
=3809.701/18147.778
=0.20992658

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Feb15)
=3676.744/16991.565
=0.21638642

Accenture PLC's return on assets of this year was 0.20992658. Accenture PLC's return on assets of last year was 0.21638642. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Accenture PLC's current net income (TTM) was 3,810. Accenture PLC's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 4,806. ==> 4,806 > 3,810 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Feb17)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Feb16 to Feb17
=24.546/19694.0686
=0.00124637

Gearing (Last Year: Feb16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Feb15 to Feb16
=26.866/17728.9184
=0.00151538

Accenture PLC's gearing of this year was 0.00124637. Accenture PLC's gearing of last year was 0.00151538. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Feb17)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=10764.002/8352.773
=1.28867407

Current Ratio (Last Year: Feb16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=10678.8/7573.179
=1.41008155

Accenture PLC's current ratio of this year was 1.28867407. Accenture PLC's current ratio of last year was 1.41008155. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Accenture PLC's number of shares in issue this year was 661.1. Accenture PLC's number of shares in issue last year was 668.1. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=10579.28/35702.409
=0.29631838

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=9961.645/33502.614
=0.29733934

Accenture PLC's gross margin of this year was 0.29631838. Accenture PLC's gross margin of last year was 0.29733934. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Feb16)
=35702.409/18147.778
=1.96731572

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Feb15)
=33502.614/16991.565
=1.97172032

Accenture PLC's asset turnover of this year was 1.96731572. Accenture PLC's asset turnover of last year was 1.97172032. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+1+0+1+0+0
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Accenture PLC has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Accenture PLC Annual Data

Aug07Aug08Aug09Aug10Aug11Aug12Aug13Aug14Aug15Aug16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1101101001
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1110100011
Question 6 0111010101
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 1111001000
Question 9 1101100101
F-score 8978756658

Accenture PLC Quarterly Data

Nov14Feb15May15Aug15Nov15Feb16May16Aug16Nov16Feb17
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0110011110
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1111111111
Question 6 0100001100
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 0000000000
Question 9 1110001110
F-score 6875568875
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