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Arthur J Gallagher & Co (NYSE:AJG)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Arthur J Gallagher & Co has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

AJG' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 8
Current: 5

2
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Arthur J Gallagher & Co was 8. The lowest was 2. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Net Income was 60 + 49.3 + 109 + 93.6 = $312 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 71.3 + 76.1 + 130.7 + 26.4 = $305 Mil.
Revenue was 890.2 + 915 + 1179.3 + 1286.8 = $4,271 Mil.
Gross Profit was 261.4 + 277.7 + 378.8 + 396 = $1,314 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep13)
to the end of this year (Sep14) was
(5970.2 + 6860.5 + 7275.6 + 10019.3 + 9988) / 5 = $8022.72 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep13) was $5,970 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,125 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,972 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $3,770 Mil.
Net Income was 33.5 + 40.5 + 93.5 + 74.6 = $242 Mil.

Revenue was 673.2 + 674.1 + 779.5 + 835.8 = $2,963 Mil.
Gross Profit was 225 + 232.1 + 287.4 + 276.4 = $1,021 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep12)
to the end of last year (Sep13) was
(5009.3 + 5352.3 + 5225.1 + 5562.1 + 5970.2) / 5 = $5423.8 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep12) was $5,009 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $825 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,547 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,578 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Arthur J Gallagher & Co's current net income (TTM) was 312. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Arthur J Gallagher & Co's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 305. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=311.9/5970.2
=0.05224281

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=242.1/5009.3
=0.04833011

Arthur J Gallagher & Co's return on assets of this year was 0.05224281. Arthur J Gallagher & Co's return on assets of last year was 0.04833011. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Arthur J Gallagher & Co's current net income (TTM) was 312. Arthur J Gallagher & Co's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 305. ==> 305 <= 312 ==> CFROA <= ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=2125/8022.72
=0.26487276

Gearing (Last Year: Sep13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep12 to Sep13
=825/5423.8
=0.15210738

Arthur J Gallagher & Co's gearing of this year was 0.26487276. Arthur J Gallagher & Co's gearing of last year was 0.15210738. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=3972.4/3769.8
=1.0537429

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2546.7/2577.9
=0.98789713

Arthur J Gallagher & Co's current ratio of this year was 1.0537429. Arthur J Gallagher & Co's current ratio of last year was 0.98789713. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Arthur J Gallagher & Co's number of shares in issue this year was 161.5. Arthur J Gallagher & Co's number of shares in issue last year was 131.3. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1313.9/4271.3
=0.30761127

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1020.9/2962.6
=0.34459596

Arthur J Gallagher & Co's gross margin of this year was 0.30761127. Arthur J Gallagher & Co's gross margin of last year was 0.34459596. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=4271.3/5970.2
=0.71543667

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=2962.6/5009.3
=0.59141996

Arthur J Gallagher & Co's asset turnover of this year was 0.71543667. Arthur J Gallagher & Co's asset turnover of last year was 0.59141996. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+0+0+1+0+0+1
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Arthur J Gallagher & Co has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Arthur J Gallagher & Co Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1011011011
Q4 1101111111
Q5 0110001011
Q6 0001011000
Q7 0001100000
Q8 1011100000
Q9 0001011101
F-score 5458567456

Arthur J Gallagher & Co Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0111111111
Q4 1111111110
Q5 1111011000
Q6 1100100111
Q7 0000000000
Q8 0001000000
Q9 0000111111
F-score 5656666665
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