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Alere Inc (NYSE:ALR)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Alere Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

ALR' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 2   Max: 7
Current: 5

2
7

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Alere Inc was 7. The lowest was 2. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec15) TTM:Last Year (Dec14) TTM:
Net Income was 210.34 + 19.904 + 5.562 + -28.23 = $208 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 29.027 + 3.5 + 104.723 + 70.032 = $207 Mil.
Revenue was 612.892 + 629.156 + 602.044 + 623.963 = $2,468 Mil.
Gross Profit was 295.215 + 292.574 + 275.049 + 252.936 = $1,116 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Dec14)
to the end of this year (Dec15) was
(6699.879 + 6148.371 + 6651.394 + 6574.165 + 5957.171) / 5 = $6406.196 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec14) was $6,700 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,872 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,457 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $725 Mil.
Net Income was -5.554 + -45.088 + -98.384 + 115.56 = $-33 Mil.

Revenue was 625.239 + 647.398 + 649.21 + 653.431 = $2,575 Mil.
Gross Profit was 310.358 + 298.693 + 301.622 + 301.565 = $1,212 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Dec13)
to the end of last year (Dec14) was
(7062.085 + 7036.186 + 6990.665 + 6804.12 + 6699.879) / 5 = $6918.587 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec13) was $7,062 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,633 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,831 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $771 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Alere Inc's current net income (TTM) was 208. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Alere Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 207. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec14)
=207.576/6699.879
=0.03098205

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec13)
=-33.466/7062.085
=-0.00473883

Alere Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.03098205. Alere Inc's return on assets of last year was -0.00473883. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Alere Inc's current net income (TTM) was 208. Alere Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 207. ==> 207 <= 208 ==> CFROA <= ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Dec15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec14 to Dec15
=2872.397/6406.196
=0.44837795

Gearing (Last Year: Dec14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec13 to Dec14
=3632.978/6918.587
=0.52510404

Alere Inc's gearing of this year was 0.44837795. Alere Inc's gearing of last year was 0.52510404. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Dec15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1457.29/724.534
=2.01134798

Current Ratio (Last Year: Dec14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1830.584/771.478
=2.37282722

Alere Inc's current ratio of this year was 2.01134798. Alere Inc's current ratio of last year was 2.37282722. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Alere Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 85.4. Alere Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 82.9. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1115.774/2468.055
=0.45208636

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1212.238/2575.278
=0.47072122

Alere Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.45208636. Alere Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.47072122. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec14)
=2468.055/6699.879
=0.36837307

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec13)
=2575.278/7062.085
=0.36466256

Alere Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.36837307. Alere Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.36466256. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+0+1+0+0+0+1
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Alere Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Alere Inc Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Question 1 0001000001
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1011011111
Question 4 1111111110
Question 5 1010000011
Question 6 1101011110
Question 7 0000011000
Question 8 1111000000
Question 9 0100010101
F-score 6556265555

Alere Inc Quarterly Data

Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16
Question 1 0000011110
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1010111110
Question 4 1111100001
Question 5 0111111110
Question 6 1111100000
Question 7 0000000000
Question 8 0000000000
Question 9 1101000111
F-score 5555544553
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