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ARC Document Solutions Inc (NYSE:ARC)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

ARC Document Solutions Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

ARC' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4   Max: 7
Current: 7

4
7

During the past 8 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of ARC Document Solutions Inc was 7. The lowest was 4. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun16) TTM:Last Year (Jun15) TTM:
Net Income was 80.286 + 3.061 + 2.574 + -55.904 = $30.0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 20.965 + 16.864 + 5.303 + 16.58 = $59.7 Mil.
Revenue was 106.418 + 104.539 + 103.55 + 103.77 = $418.3 Mil.
Gross Profit was 35.943 + 35.301 + 33.737 + 36.392 = $141.4 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun15)
to the end of this year (Jun16) was
(411.146 + 481.772 + 476.124 + 465.961 + 400.481) / 5 = $447.0968 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun15) was $411.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $150.1 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $110.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $66.8 Mil.
Net Income was 3.661 + -2.327 + 4.436 + 9.257 = $15.0 Mil.

Revenue was 106.807 + 107.594 + 104.319 + 113.389 = $432.1 Mil.
Gross Profit was 36.223 + 34.914 + 36.021 + 40.859 = $148.0 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun14)
to the end of last year (Jun15) was
(414.927 + 416.791 + 414.068 + 410.105 + 411.146) / 5 = $413.4074 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun14) was $414.9 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $167.7 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $112.8 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $79.3 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

ARC Document Solutions Inc's current net income (TTM) was 30.0. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

ARC Document Solutions Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 59.7. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun15)
=30.017/411.146
=0.07300813

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun14)
=15.027/414.927
=0.03621601

ARC Document Solutions Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.07300813. ARC Document Solutions Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.03621601. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

ARC Document Solutions Inc's current net income (TTM) was 30.0. ARC Document Solutions Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 59.7. ==> 59.7 > 30.0 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun15 to Jun16
=150.059/447.0968
=0.33562978

Gearing (Last Year: Jun15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun14 to Jun15
=167.708/413.4074
=0.40567247

ARC Document Solutions Inc's gearing of this year was 0.33562978. ARC Document Solutions Inc's gearing of last year was 0.40567247. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=110.068/66.845
=1.6466153

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=112.767/79.256
=1.42281972

ARC Document Solutions Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.6466153. ARC Document Solutions Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.42281972. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

ARC Document Solutions Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 46. ARC Document Solutions Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 47.6. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=141.373/418.277
=0.33798894

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=148.017/432.109
=0.34254552

ARC Document Solutions Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.33798894. ARC Document Solutions Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.34254552. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun15)
=418.277/411.146
=1.0173442

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun14)
=432.109/414.927
=1.04140969

ARC Document Solutions Inc's asset turnover of this year was 1.0173442. ARC Document Solutions Inc's asset turnover of last year was 1.04140969. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+1+1+0+0
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

ARC Document Solutions Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

ARC Document Solutions Inc Annual Data

Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Question 1 00011
Question 2 11111
Question 3 01111
Question 4 11110
Question 5 00111
Question 6 11001
Question 7 00000
Question 8 00111
Question 9 11111
F-score 45677

ARC Document Solutions Inc Quarterly Data

Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16
Question 1 0001111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1101111111
Question 4 1111110001
Question 5 1111111111
Question 6 0000001111
Question 7 0000000011
Question 8 1111111100
Question 9 1111111110
F-score 6657777777
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