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Avery Dennison Corp (NYSE:AVY)
Piotroski F-Score
8 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 8 is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Avery Dennison Corp has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

AVY' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 8
Current: 8

3
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Avery Dennison Corp was 8. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Sep16) TTM:Last Year (Sep15) TTM:
Net Income was 57 + 89.6 + 80 + 89.1 = $316 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 191.5 + -6.3 + 222.3 + 149.7 = $557 Mil.
Revenue was 1454.8 + 1485.5 + 1541.5 + 1508.7 = $5,991 Mil.
Gross Profit was 392.3 + 422.6 + 434.1 + 417.6 = $1,667 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep15)
to the end of this year (Sep16) was
(4248.9 + 4133.7 + 4249.4 + 4294.8 + 4600.4) / 5 = $4305.44 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep15) was $4,249 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $713 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,014 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,056 Mil.
Net Income was 70.6 + 71.9 + 63.7 + 81.7 = $288 Mil.

Revenue was 1604.8 + 1528 + 1516 + 1468.1 = $6,117 Mil.
Gross Profit was 415.1 + 430 + 417.6 + 405.9 = $1,669 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep14)
to the end of last year (Sep15) was
(4493.5 + 4356.9 + 4312.6 + 4353.6 + 4248.9) / 5 = $4353.1 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep14) was $4,494 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $969 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,916 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,470 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Avery Dennison Corp's current net income (TTM) was 316. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Avery Dennison Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 557. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep15)
=315.7/4248.9
=0.07430158

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep14)
=287.9/4493.5
=0.06407032

Avery Dennison Corp's return on assets of this year was 0.07430158. Avery Dennison Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.06407032. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Avery Dennison Corp's current net income (TTM) was 316. Avery Dennison Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 557. ==> 557 > 316 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep15 to Sep16
=713/4305.44
=0.16560444

Gearing (Last Year: Sep15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep14 to Sep15
=968.5/4353.1
=0.22248513

Avery Dennison Corp's gearing of this year was 0.16560444. Avery Dennison Corp's gearing of last year was 0.22248513. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2013.6/2056.1
=0.9793298

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1916/1469.5
=1.30384485

Avery Dennison Corp's current ratio of this year was 0.9793298. Avery Dennison Corp's current ratio of last year was 1.30384485. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Avery Dennison Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 90.6. Avery Dennison Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 93.2. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1666.6/5990.5
=0.27820716

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1668.6/6116.9
=0.27278523

Avery Dennison Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.27820716. Avery Dennison Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.27278523. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep15)
=5990.5/4248.9
=1.40989433

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep14)
=6116.9/4493.5
=1.3612774

Avery Dennison Corp's asset turnover of this year was 1.40989433. Avery Dennison Corp's asset turnover of last year was 1.3612774. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+0+1+1+1
=8

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Avery Dennison Corp has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Avery Dennison Corp Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Question 1 1110111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1000101011
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1001111000
Question 6 0010110101
Question 7 1110011111
Question 8 1001001101
Question 9 1100101110
F-score 8554768767

Avery Dennison Corp Quarterly Data

Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0111111111
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0000000001
Question 6 1000011000
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 0000111111
Question 9 1111110011
F-score 6666787678
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