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GuruFocus has detected 5 Warning Signs with C.R. Bard Inc $BCR.
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C.R. Bard Inc (NYSE:BCR)
Piotroski F-Score
8 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 8 is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

C.R. Bard Inc has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

BCR' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 8

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of C.R. Bard Inc was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Mar17) TTM:Last Year (Mar16) TTM:
Net Income was 159.2 + 96.4 + 159.6 + 178.1 = $593 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 88.9 + 188.1 + 202.4 + 140.6 = $620 Mil.
Revenue was 931.5 + 941.9 + 967.1 + 938.8 = $3,779 Mil.
Gross Profit was 580.5 + 589.7 + 619 + 584.6 = $2,374 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar16)
to the end of this year (Mar17) was
(5176.9 + 5258.2 + 5310.7 + 5306.1 + 5244.6) / 5 = $5259.3 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar16) was $5,177 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,143 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,301 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,560 Mil.
Net Income was -54.7 + -86 + 136.3 + 116.2 = $112 Mil.

Revenue was 859.8 + 865.7 + 870.8 + 873.5 = $3,470 Mil.
Gross Profit was 526.1 + 529.4 + 550.8 + 553.1 = $2,159 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar15)
to the end of last year (Mar16) was
(5056.7 + 4967.5 + 4972.4 + 4844 + 5176.9) / 5 = $5003.5 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar15) was $5,057 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,145 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,075 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,394 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

C.R. Bard Inc's current net income (TTM) was 593. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

C.R. Bard Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 620. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar16)
=593.3/5176.9
=0.11460527

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar15)
=111.8/5056.7
=0.02210928

C.R. Bard Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.11460527. C.R. Bard Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.02210928. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

C.R. Bard Inc's current net income (TTM) was 593. C.R. Bard Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 620. ==> 620 > 593 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar17)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar16 to Mar17
=1143/5259.3
=0.2173293

Gearing (Last Year: Mar16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar15 to Mar16
=1144.5/5003.5
=0.22873988

C.R. Bard Inc's gearing of this year was 0.2173293. C.R. Bard Inc's gearing of last year was 0.22873988. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar17)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2300.8/1559.7
=1.47515548

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2074.9/1393.6
=1.48887773

C.R. Bard Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.47515548. C.R. Bard Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.48887773. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

C.R. Bard Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 74.7. C.R. Bard Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 75.2. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2373.8/3779.3
=0.62810573

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2159.4/3469.8
=0.62234135

C.R. Bard Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.62810573. C.R. Bard Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.62234135. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar16)
=3779.3/5176.9
=0.73003149

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar15)
=3469.8/5056.7
=0.68617873

C.R. Bard Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.73003149. C.R. Bard Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.68617873. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+0+1+1+1
=8

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

C.R. Bard Inc has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

C.R. Bard Inc Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15Dec16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1011011001
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1110101110
Question 6 1110010001
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 0111000101
Question 9 1100000011
F-score 8886566668

C.R. Bard Inc Quarterly Data

Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16Dec16Mar17
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0000000111
Question 4 1111111011
Question 5 1111100001
Question 6 0000001110
Question 7 1111110011
Question 8 1111001111
Question 9 0000111111
F-score 6666656688
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