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Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP (NYSE:BIP)
Piotroski F-Score
3 (As of Today)

Warning Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 3 is low, which usually implies poor business operation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP has an F-score of 3. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.

BIP' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 8
Current: 3

2
8

During the past 7 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP was 8. The lowest was 2. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Net Income was -137 + 26 + 12 + 55 = $-44 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 163 + 140 + 156 + 235 = $694 Mil.
Revenue was 470 + 480 + 488 + 491 = $1,929 Mil.
Gross Profit was 258 + 268 + 273 + 275 = $1,074 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep13)
to the end of this year (Sep14) was
(15465 + 15682 + 15755 + 16302 + 16123) / 5 = $15865.4 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep13) was $15,465 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,508 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,060 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $904 Mil.
Net Income was 24 + -18 + 97 + 26 = $129 Mil.

Revenue was 578 + 463 + 462 + 431 = $1,934 Mil.
Gross Profit was 263 + 241 + 260 + 244 = $1,008 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep12)
to the end of last year (Sep13) was
(14835 + 19718 + 19514 + 17744 + 15465) / 5 = $17455.2 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep12) was $14,835 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,210 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,454 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $732 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's current net income (TTM) was -44. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 694. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's return on assets of this year was -0.00284513. Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's return on assets of last year was 0.00869565. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's current net income (TTM) was -44. Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 694. ==> 694 > -44 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=6508/15865.4
=0.41020081

Gearing (Last Year: Sep13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep12 to Sep13
=6210/17455.2
=0.35576791

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's gearing of this year was 0.41020081. Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's gearing of last year was 0.35576791. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1060/904
=1.17256637

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1454/732
=1.9863388

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's current ratio of this year was 1.17256637. Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's current ratio of last year was 1.9863388. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's number of shares in issue this year was 150.3. Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's number of shares in issue last year was 150.1. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1074/1929
=0.55676516

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1008/1934
=0.52119959

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's gross margin of this year was 0.55676516. Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's gross margin of last year was 0.52119959. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=1929/15465
=0.12473327

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=1934/14835
=0.13036737

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's asset turnover of this year was 0.12473327. Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP's asset turnover of last year was 0.13036737. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=0+1+0+1+0+0+0+1+0
=3

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP has an F-score of 3. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 110
Q2 111
Q3 000
Q4 111
Q5 101
Q6 101
Q7 000
Q8 111
Q9 010
F-score 655

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Q1 1111110100
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0000100000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1100101100
Q6 0001111100
Q7 1110000000
Q8 1111111111
Q9 0011100000
F-score 6666855633
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