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Babcock & Wilcox Co (NYSE:BWC)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Babcock & Wilcox Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

BWC' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 5   Max: 9
Current: 6

5
9

During the past 7 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Babcock & Wilcox Co was 9. The lowest was 5. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar15) TTM:Last Year (Mar14) TTM:
Net Income was 26.437 + 61.214 + -103.307 + 45.257 = $30 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 5.815 + 22.507 + 160.12 + 5.044 = $193 Mil.
Revenue was 686.006 + 737.902 + 837.094 + 730.565 = $2,992 Mil.
Gross Profit was 173.698 + 183.288 + -3.053 + 190.644 = $545 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar14)
to the end of this year (Mar15) was
(2499.63 + 2626.053 + 2656.77 + 2856.936 + 2792.134) / 5 = $2686.3046 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar14) was $2,500 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $281 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,421 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $734 Mil.
Net Income was 72.87 + 60.446 + 165.588 + 45.044 = $344 Mil.

Revenue was 886.136 + 774.834 + 802.815 + 662.017 = $3,126 Mil.
Gross Profit was 200.093 + 196.44 + 385.301 + 159.71 = $942 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar13)
to the end of last year (Mar14) was
(2749.392 + 2725.309 + 2739.664 + 2609.153 + 2499.63) / 5 = $2664.6296 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar13) was $2,749 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $15 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,339 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $808 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Babcock & Wilcox Co's current net income (TTM) was 30. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Babcock & Wilcox Co's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 193. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar14)
=29.601/2499.63
=0.01184215

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar13)
=343.948/2749.392
=0.12509966

Babcock & Wilcox Co's return on assets of this year was 0.01184215. Babcock & Wilcox Co's return on assets of last year was 0.12509966. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Babcock & Wilcox Co's current net income (TTM) was 30. Babcock & Wilcox Co's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 193. ==> 193 > 30 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar14 to Mar15
=281.25/2686.3046
=0.10469773

Gearing (Last Year: Mar14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar13 to Mar14
=15/2664.6296
=0.0056293

Babcock & Wilcox Co's gearing of this year was 0.10469773. Babcock & Wilcox Co's gearing of last year was 0.0056293. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1420.835/733.74
=1.93642844

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1339.044/808.453
=1.65630408

Babcock & Wilcox Co's current ratio of this year was 1.93642844. Babcock & Wilcox Co's current ratio of last year was 1.65630408. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Babcock & Wilcox Co's number of shares in issue this year was 107.1. Babcock & Wilcox Co's number of shares in issue last year was 110.9. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=544.577/2991.567
=0.18203737

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=941.544/3125.802
=0.30121678

Babcock & Wilcox Co's gross margin of this year was 0.18203737. Babcock & Wilcox Co's gross margin of last year was 0.30121678. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar14)
=2991.567/2499.63
=1.19680393

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar13)
=3125.802/2749.392
=1.13690663

Babcock & Wilcox Co's asset turnover of this year was 1.19680393. Babcock & Wilcox Co's asset turnover of last year was 1.13690663. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+0+1+1+0+1
=6

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Babcock & Wilcox Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Babcock & Wilcox Co Annual Data

Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
Question 1 111
Question 2 111
Question 3 110
Question 4 001
Question 5 110
Question 6 111
Question 7 011
Question 8 110
Question 9 000
F-score 675

Babcock & Wilcox Co Quarterly Data

Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1111111100
Question 4 0111000011
Question 5 1111100000
Question 6 1110111111
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 1111111100
Question 9 0100000001
F-score 7987766656
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