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Cincinnati Bell Inc (NYSE:CBB)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Cincinnati Bell Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

CBB' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 8
Current: 7

3
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Cincinnati Bell Inc was 8. The lowest was 3. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Net Income was -28.1 + 7 + 114.2 + -27.3 = $66 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 19 + 37.8 + 56 + 27 = $140 Mil.
Revenue was 308.4 + 322.5 + 319.9 + 327.5 = $1,278 Mil.
Gross Profit was 145.9 + 156.3 + 150.2 + 148 = $600 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep13)
to the end of this year (Sep14) was
(2551.7 + 2107.3 + 2101.5 + 2176.9 + 1952.6) / 5 = $2178 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep13) was $2,552 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,887 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $474 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $424 Mil.
Net Income was -41.3 + -36.7 + 0.8 + 9.3 = $-68 Mil.

Revenue was -878.4 + 325.7 + 312 + 310.8 = $70 Mil.
Gross Profit was -368.6 + 163.3 + 153.8 + 150.9 = $99 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep12)
to the end of last year (Sep13) was
(2752.3 + 1210.9 + 2151.5 + 2145.4 + 2551.7) / 5 = $2162.36 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep12) was $2,752 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,108 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $650 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $798 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Cincinnati Bell Inc's current net income (TTM) was 66. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Cincinnati Bell Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 140. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=65.8/2551.7
=0.02578673

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=-67.9/2752.3
=-0.02467028

Cincinnati Bell Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.02578673. Cincinnati Bell Inc's return on assets of last year was -0.02467028. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Cincinnati Bell Inc's current net income (TTM) was 66. Cincinnati Bell Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 140. ==> 140 > 66 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=1887/2178
=0.86639118

Gearing (Last Year: Sep13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep12 to Sep13
=2108.2/2162.36
=0.97495329

Cincinnati Bell Inc's gearing of this year was 0.86639118. Cincinnati Bell Inc's gearing of last year was 0.97495329. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=474.2/424.1
=1.11813252

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=650.3/797.5
=0.8154232

Cincinnati Bell Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.11813252. Cincinnati Bell Inc's current ratio of last year was 0.8154232. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Cincinnati Bell Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 208.7. Cincinnati Bell Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 208.5. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=600.4/1278.3
=0.4696863

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=99.4/70.1
=1.41797432

Cincinnati Bell Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.4696863. Cincinnati Bell Inc's gross margin of last year was 1.41797432. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=1278.3/2551.7
=0.50096014

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=70.1/2752.3
=0.02546961

Cincinnati Bell Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.50096014. Cincinnati Bell Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.02546961. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+1+1+1+0+0+1
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Cincinnati Bell Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Cincinnati Bell Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1011111100
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0010100000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1011110110
Q6 0110000001
Q7 1100111100
Q8 1000011010
Q9 0110101001
F-score 6574766544

Cincinnati Bell Inc Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Q1 1000000011
Q2 1111001111
Q3 0000000111
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1111000001
Q6 0000111111
Q7 0000000000
Q8 0011110000
Q9 0000001111
F-score 4344334567
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