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Cryo-Cell International Inc (OTCPK:CCEL)
Piotroski F-Score
8 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 8 is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Cryo-Cell International Inc has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

CCEL' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 9
Current: 8

2
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Cryo-Cell International Inc was 9. The lowest was 2. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (May14) TTM:Last Year (May13) TTM:
Net Income was 0.216 + 0.397 + -0.167 + 0.194 = $0.64 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 0.468 + -0.107 + -0.022 + -0.246 = $0.09 Mil.
Revenue was 4.893 + 5.32 + 4.706 + 4.83 = $19.75 Mil.
Gross Profit was 3.403 + 3.986 + 3.399 + 3.469 = $14.26 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (May13) was $11.94 Mil.
Total Assets was $10.27 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.00 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $8.42 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $8.79 Mil.
Net Income was -0.244 + 0.244 + -0.854 + -0.547 = $-1.40 Mil.

Revenue was 4.859 + 4.6 + 4.823 + 4.542 = $18.82 Mil.
Gross Profit was 3.484 + 3.32 + 3.498 + 3.216 = $13.52 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (May12) was $13.13 Mil.
Total Assets was $11.94 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.00 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $9.58 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $10.66 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Cryo-Cell International Inc's current net income was 0.64. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Cryo-Cell International Inc's current cash flow from operations was 0.09. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (May13)
=0.64/11.939
=0.05360583

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (May12)
=-1.401/13.128
=-0.10671846

Cryo-Cell International Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.05360583. Cryo-Cell International Inc's return on assets of last year was -0.10671846. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Cryo-Cell International Inc's current net income was 0.64. Cryo-Cell International Inc's current cash flow from operations was 0.09. ==> 0.09 =< 0.64 ==> CFROA =< ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=0/10.266
=0

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=0/11.939
=0

Cryo-Cell International Inc's gearing of this year was 0. Cryo-Cell International Inc's gearing of last year was 0. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=8.42/8.786
=0.95834282

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=9.58/10.661
=0.89860238

Cryo-Cell International Inc's current ratio of this year was 0.95834282. Cryo-Cell International Inc's current ratio of last year was 0.89860238. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Cryo-Cell International Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 10.4. Cryo-Cell International Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 10.9. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=14.257/19.749
=0.72190997

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=13.518/18.824
=0.7181258

Cryo-Cell International Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.72190997. Cryo-Cell International Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.7181258. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (May13)
=19.749/11.939
=1.65415864

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (May12)
=18.824/13.128
=1.43388178

Cryo-Cell International Inc's asset turnover of this year was 1.65415864. Cryo-Cell International Inc's asset turnover of last year was 1.43388178. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+0+1+1+1+1+1
=8

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Cryo-Cell International Inc has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Cryo-Cell International Inc Annual Data

Nov04Nov05Nov06Nov07Nov08Nov09Nov10Nov11Nov12Nov13
Q1 1100011001
Q2 1110111111
Q3 1000111001
Q4 1111110111
Q5 1111111011
Q6 1100111001
Q7 0010000111
Q8 1000111100
Q9 1000110001
F-score 8542786448

Cryo-Cell International Inc Quarterly Data

Feb12May12Aug12Nov12Feb13May13Aug13Nov13Feb14May14
Q1 0000000111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0000011111
Q4 1111111110
Q5 0101111111
Q6 0000001111
Q7 1111111111
Q8 1010000011
Q9 0000111111
F-score 4444567898
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