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GuruFocus has detected 5 Warning Signs with Check Point Software Technologies Ltd $CHKP.
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Check Point Software Technologies Ltd (NAS:CHKP)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Check Point Software Technologies Ltd has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

CHKP' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 2   Max: 9
Current: 7

2
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Check Point Software Technologies Ltd was 9. The lowest was 2. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Dec16) TTM:Last Year (Dec15) TTM:
Net Income was 167.422 + 165.819 + 169.652 + 221.954 = $725 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 323.748 + 202.45 + 213.924 + 182.726 = $923 Mil.
Revenue was 404.271 + 422.749 + 427.574 + 486.707 = $1,741 Mil.
Gross Profit was 359.262 + 374.651 + 377.404 + 427.981 = $1,539 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Dec15)
to the end of this year (Dec16) was
(5069.88 + 5013.552 + 5015.996 + 5003.258 + 5217.636) / 5 = $5064.0644 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec15) was $5,070 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,892 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,166 Mil.
Net Income was 160.883 + 162.636 + 167.743 + 194.604 = $686 Mil.

Revenue was 372.576 + 395.334 + 403.856 + 458.072 = $1,630 Mil.
Gross Profit was 331.246 + 349.731 + 356.452 + 403.352 = $1,441 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Dec14)
to the end of last year (Dec15) was
(4948.818 + 4910.589 + 4884.993 + 4858.168 + 5069.88) / 5 = $4934.4896 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec14) was $4,949 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,736 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,057 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's current net income (TTM) was 725. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 923. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec15)
=724.847/5069.88
=0.14297123

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec14)
=685.866/4948.818
=0.13859188

Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's return on assets of this year was 0.14297123. Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's return on assets of last year was 0.13859188. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's current net income (TTM) was 725. Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 923. ==> 923 > 725 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Dec16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec15 to Dec16
=0/5064.0644
=0

Gearing (Last Year: Dec15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec14 to Dec15
=0/4934.4896
=0

Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's gearing of this year was 0. Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's gearing of last year was 0. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Dec16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1892.455/1165.858
=1.62322942

Current Ratio (Last Year: Dec15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1735.834/1056.853
=1.64245548

Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's current ratio of this year was 1.62322942. Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's current ratio of last year was 1.64245548. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's number of shares in issue this year was 169.6. Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's number of shares in issue last year was 183.6. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1539.298/1741.301
=0.88399306

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1440.781/1629.838
=0.88400258

Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's gross margin of this year was 0.88399306. Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's gross margin of last year was 0.88400258. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec15)
=1741.301/5069.88
=0.34346

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec14)
=1629.838/4948.818
=0.32933884

Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's asset turnover of this year was 0.34346. Check Point Software Technologies Ltd's asset turnover of last year was 0.32933884. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+0+1+0+1
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Check Point Software Technologies Ltd has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Check Point Software Technologies Ltd Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15Dec16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1111100011
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1111111111
Question 6 0100100100
Question 7 1110011111
Question 8 0000111010
Question 9 1011000011
F-score 7776766687

Check Point Software Technologies Ltd Quarterly Data

Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16Dec16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0000111111
Question 4 0111111111
Question 5 1111111111
Question 6 1100000000
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 1000011110
Question 9 0011111111
F-score 6666788887
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