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Clorox Co (NYSE:CLX)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Clorox Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

CLX' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 4   Max: 8
Current: 6

4
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Clorox Co was 8. The lowest was 4. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Net Income was 115 + 137 + 170 + 90 = $512 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 32 + 220 + 337 + 243 = $832 Mil.
Revenue was 1330 + 1386 + 1511 + 1352 = $5,579 Mil.
Gross Profit was 557 + 579 + 639 + 578 = $2,353 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep13)
to the end of this year (Sep14) was
(4301 + 4388 + 4374 + 4258 + 4150) / 5 = $4294.2 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep13) was $4,301 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,596 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,351 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,533 Mil.
Net Income was 123 + 133 + 183 + 136 = $575 Mil.

Revenue was 1325 + 1413 + 1547 + 1364 = $5,649 Mil.
Gross Profit was 563 + 595 + 680 + 585 = $2,423 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep12)
to the end of last year (Sep13) was
(4747 + 4502 + 4523 + 4311 + 4301) / 5 = $4476.8 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep12) was $4,747 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,170 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,420 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,170 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Clorox Co's current net income (TTM) was 512. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Clorox Co's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 832. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Clorox Co's return on assets of this year was 0.11904208. Clorox Co's return on assets of last year was 0.12112913. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Clorox Co's current net income (TTM) was 512. Clorox Co's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 832. ==> 832 > 512 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=1596/4294.2
=0.37166411

Gearing (Last Year: Sep13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep12 to Sep13
=2170/4476.8
=0.48472123

Clorox Co's gearing of this year was 0.37166411. Clorox Co's gearing of last year was 0.48472123. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1351/1533
=0.88127854

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1420/1170
=1.21367521

Clorox Co's current ratio of this year was 0.88127854. Clorox Co's current ratio of last year was 1.21367521. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Clorox Co's number of shares in issue this year was 131.4. Clorox Co's number of shares in issue last year was 132.2. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2353/5579
=0.42176017

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2423/5649
=0.42892547

Clorox Co's gross margin of this year was 0.42176017. Clorox Co's gross margin of last year was 0.42892547. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=5579/4301
=1.2971402

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=5649/4747
=1.19001475

Clorox Co's asset turnover of this year was 1.2971402. Clorox Co's asset turnover of last year was 1.19001475. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+1+0+1+0+1
=6

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Clorox Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Clorox Co Annual Data

Jun05Jun06Jun07Jun08Jun09Jun10Jun11Jun12Jun13Jun14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1010010110
Q4 0111111111
Q5 0110100101
Q6 0101011010
Q7 1101101101
Q8 0010110010
Q9 1111010101
F-score 5776675766

Clorox Co Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1100100000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1110010111
Q6 0111111000
Q7 1100001111
Q8 0001111100
Q9 1110000011
F-score 7865666666
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