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Concur Technologies Inc (NAS:CNQR)
Piotroski F-Score
3 (As of Today)

Warning Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 3 is low, which usually implies poor business operation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Concur Technologies Inc has an F-score of 3 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

CNQR' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 8
Current: 3

2
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Concur Technologies Inc was 8. The lowest was 2. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Net Income was -0.032 + -55.981 + -24.22 + -7.532 = $-87.8 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 25.471 + 22.789 + 12.099 + 26.252 = $86.6 Mil.
Revenue was 178.365 + 169.522 + 163.078 + 156.922 = $667.9 Mil.
Gross Profit was 118.377 + 108.541 + 104.555 + 108.027 = $439.5 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun13) was $1,681.9 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,745.2 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $397.1 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,026.6 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $516.7 Mil.
Net Income was 2.815 + -7.645 + -12.032 + -8.206 = $-25.1 Mil.

Revenue was 138.71 + 127.37 + 122.798 + 117.881 = $506.8 Mil.
Gross Profit was 102.165 + 90.806 + 87.802 + 85.473 = $366.2 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun12) was $1,190.4 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,681.9 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $376.8 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,088.3 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $468.6 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Concur Technologies Inc's current net income was -87.8. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Concur Technologies Inc's current cash flow from operations was 86.6. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jun13)
=-87.765/1681.893
=-0.05218227

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jun12)
=-25.068/1190.366
=-0.02105907

Concur Technologies Inc's return on assets of this year was -0.05218227. Concur Technologies Inc's return on assets of last year was -0.02105907. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Concur Technologies Inc's current net income was -87.8. Concur Technologies Inc's current cash flow from operations was 86.6. ==> 86.6 > -87.8 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=397.144/1745.203
=0.22756321

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=376.826/1681.893
=0.22404874

Concur Technologies Inc's gearing of this year was 0.22756321. Concur Technologies Inc's gearing of last year was 0.22404874. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1026.563/516.696
=1.98678333

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1088.288/468.619
=2.32233008

Concur Technologies Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.98678333. Concur Technologies Inc's current ratio of last year was 2.32233008. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Concur Technologies Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 56.9. Concur Technologies Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 59.3. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=439.5/667.887
=0.65804545

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=366.246/506.759
=0.72272224

Concur Technologies Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.65804545. Concur Technologies Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.72272224. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jun13)
=667.887/1681.893
=0.39710433

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jun12)
=506.759/1190.366
=0.42571696

Concur Technologies Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.39710433. Concur Technologies Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.42571696. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=0+1+0+1+0+0+1+0+0
=3

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Concur Technologies Inc has an F-score of 3 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Concur Technologies Inc Annual Data

Sep04Sep05Sep06Sep07Sep08Sep09Sep10Sep11Sep12Sep13
Q1 1111111000
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1110100010
Q4 1101111111
Q5 1101110110
Q6 0001001001
Q7 0100000000
Q8 0111111000
Q9 0110001011
F-score 5856656354

Concur Technologies Inc Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 0000000000
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0010000000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0011100000
Q6 0000001010
Q7 0000000001
Q8 0001110000
Q9 1111111110
F-score 3355544343
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