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Consol Energy Inc (NYSE:CNX)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Consol Energy Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

CNX' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 6

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Consol Energy Inc was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Net Income was -24.935 + 116.003 + 738.183 + -63.651 = $766 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 221.045 + 336.102 + 69.771 + 195.615 = $823 Mil.
Revenue was 937.37 + 969.153 + -438.053 + 1231.418 = $2,700 Mil.
Gross Profit was 436.506 + 257.389 + -43.465 + 354.962 = $1,005 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun13) was $12,753 Mil.
Total Assets was $11,567 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,259 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,226 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,084 Mil.
Net Income was -12.526 + -1.564 + 149.903 + -11.368 = $124 Mil.

Revenue was 828.167 + 842.943 + 1388.961 + 1160.089 = $4,220 Mil.
Gross Profit was 355.633 + 173.619 + 528.188 + 293.849 = $1,351 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun12) was $12,598 Mil.
Total Assets was $12,753 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,172 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,473 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,487 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Consol Energy Inc's current net income was 766. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Consol Energy Inc's current cash flow from operations was 823. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jun13)
=765.6/12752.928
=0.06003327

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jun12)
=124.445/12597.896
=0.00987824

Consol Energy Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.06003327. Consol Energy Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.00987824. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Consol Energy Inc's current net income was 766. Consol Energy Inc's current cash flow from operations was 823. ==> 823 > 766 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=3259.381/11566.647
=0.28179134

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=3171.75/12752.928
=0.24870759

Consol Energy Inc's gearing of this year was 0.28179134. Consol Energy Inc's gearing of last year was 0.24870759. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1225.855/1083.666
=1.13121109

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1472.841/1487.201
=0.99034428

Consol Energy Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.13121109. Consol Energy Inc's current ratio of last year was 0.99034428. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Consol Energy Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 230.1. Consol Energy Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 228.7. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1005.392/2699.888
=0.37238285

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1351.289/4220.16
=0.32019852

Consol Energy Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.37238285. Consol Energy Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.32019852. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jun13)
=2699.888/12752.928
=0.2117073

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jun12)
=4220.16/12597.896
=0.33498927

Consol Energy Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.2117073. Consol Energy Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.33498927. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+1+0+1+0+1+0
=6

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Consol Energy Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Consol Energy Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1100110101
Q4 1011111110
Q5 1101110110
Q6 1100011101
Q7 0001010000
Q8 1100010100
Q9 1100101000
F-score 8735685744

Consol Energy Inc Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0100000111
Q4 1111111001
Q5 1111111000
Q6 1100000111
Q7 0011110000
Q8 1000000011
Q9 0000000000
F-score 6655554456
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