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Core-Mark Holding Co Inc (NAS:CORE)
Piotroski F-Score
8 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 8 is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Core-Mark Holding Co Inc has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

CORE' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 5   Max: 8
Current: 8

5
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Core-Mark Holding Co Inc was 8. The lowest was 5. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec15) TTM:Last Year (Dec14) TTM:
Net Income was 5.5 + 13.2 + 15.1 + 17.7 = $52 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 82.1 + -93 + 116.8 + -28.7 = $77 Mil.
Revenue was 2452.3 + 2810.4 + 2991.6 + 2815.1 = $11,069 Mil.
Gross Profit was 137.3 + 158.9 + 171.6 + 170.1 = $638 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Dec14)
to the end of this year (Dec15) was
(1029.6 + 930.4 + 1092.9 + 1016.8 + 1077.3) / 5 = $1029.4 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec14) was $1,030 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $60 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $837 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $460 Mil.
Net Income was 2.4 + 12 + 13.7 + 14.6 = $43 Mil.

Revenue was 2300.9 + 2623.2 + 2747.4 + 2608.6 = $10,280 Mil.
Gross Profit was 124.4 + 143.3 + 151.4 + 154.6 = $574 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Dec13)
to the end of last year (Dec14) was
(956.8 + 865.5 + 930 + 971.8 + 1029.6) / 5 = $950.74 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec13) was $957 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $68 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $804 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $439 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's current net income (TTM) was 52. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 77. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec14)
=51.5/1029.6
=0.05001943

Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.05001943. Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.04462793. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's current net income (TTM) was 52. Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 77. ==> 77 > 52 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Dec15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec14 to Dec15
=60.4/1029.4
=0.05867496

Gearing (Last Year: Dec14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec13 to Dec14
=68.2/950.74
=0.0717336

Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's gearing of this year was 0.05867496. Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's gearing of last year was 0.0717336. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Dec15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=837.3/459.6
=1.82180157

Current Ratio (Last Year: Dec14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=804.1/438.5
=1.83375143

Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.82180157. Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.83375143. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 23.3. Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 23.3. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=637.9/11069.4
=0.05762733

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=573.7/10280.1
=0.05580685

Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.05762733. Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.05580685. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec14)
=11069.4/1029.6
=10.7511655

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec13)
=10280.1/956.8
=10.74425167

Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's asset turnover of this year was 10.7511655. Core-Mark Holding Co Inc's asset turnover of last year was 10.74425167. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+0+1+1+1
=8

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Core-Mark Holding Co Inc has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Core-Mark Holding Co Inc Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1101011101
Question 4 1110101111
Question 5 1101100101
Question 6 1001001000
Question 7 0011001101
Question 8 1101011111
Question 9 1011110111
F-score 8658557858

Core-Mark Holding Co Inc Quarterly Data

Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111011
Question 3 1111101111
Question 4 1111111011
Question 5 0111100011
Question 6 1000000100
Question 7 1111000011
Question 8 1111111111
Question 9 1110011111
F-score 8887656588
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