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Cisco Systems Inc (NAS:CSCO)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Cisco Systems Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

CSCO' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4   Max: 9
Current: 6

4
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Cisco Systems Inc was 9. The lowest was 4. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Oct16) TTM:Last Year (Oct15) TTM:
Net Income was 3147 + 2349 + 2813 + 2322 = $10,631 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 3922 + 3064 + 3818 + 2730 = $13,534 Mil.
Revenue was 11927 + 12000 + 12638 + 12352 = $48,917 Mil.
Gross Profit was 7432 + 7721 + 7975 + 7884 = $31,012 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Oct15)
to the end of this year (Oct16) was
(111773 + 112642 + 118654 + 121652 + 126287) / 5 = $118201.6 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Oct15) was $111,773 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $30,634 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $83,141 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $23,217 Mil.
Net Income was 2397 + 2437 + 2319 + 2430 = $9,583 Mil.

Revenue was 11936 + 12137 + 12843 + 12682 = $49,598 Mil.
Gross Profit was 7090 + 7525 + 7733 + 7832 = $30,180 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Oct14)
to the end of last year (Oct15) was
(103978 + 104922 + 106212 + 113373 + 111773) / 5 = $108051.6 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Oct14) was $103,978 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $21,594 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $73,946 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $22,100 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Cisco Systems Inc's current net income (TTM) was 10,631. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Cisco Systems Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 13,534. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Oct15)
=10631/111773
=0.09511242

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Oct14)
=9583/103978
=0.09216373

Cisco Systems Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.09511242. Cisco Systems Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.09216373. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Cisco Systems Inc's current net income (TTM) was 10,631. Cisco Systems Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 13,534. ==> 13,534 > 10,631 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Oct16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Oct15 to Oct16
=30634/118201.6
=0.25916739

Gearing (Last Year: Oct15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Oct14 to Oct15
=21594/108051.6
=0.19984896

Cisco Systems Inc's gearing of this year was 0.25916739. Cisco Systems Inc's gearing of last year was 0.19984896. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Oct16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=83141/23217
=3.58103976

Current Ratio (Last Year: Oct15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=73946/22100
=3.34597285

Cisco Systems Inc's current ratio of this year was 3.58103976. Cisco Systems Inc's current ratio of last year was 3.34597285. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Cisco Systems Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 5066. Cisco Systems Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 5113. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=31012/48917
=0.63397183

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=30180/49598
=0.60849228

Cisco Systems Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.63397183. Cisco Systems Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.60849228. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Oct15)
=48917/111773
=0.43764594

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Oct14)
=49598/103978
=0.47700475

Cisco Systems Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.43764594. Cisco Systems Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.47700475. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+0+1+1+1+0
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Cisco Systems Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Cisco Systems Inc Annual Data

Jul07Jul08Jul09Jul10Jul11Jul12Jul13Jul14Jul15Jul16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1001011011
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1101011000
Question 6 1110110101
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 0101000011
Question 9 0000001010
F-score 7757577577

Cisco Systems Inc Quarterly Data

Oct14Jan15Apr15Jul15Oct15Jan16Apr16Jul16Oct16Jan17
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0111111110
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0010000000
Question 6 1100101111
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 0111111111
Question 9 0001100000
F-score 5777867776
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