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CSS Industries Inc (NYSE:CSS)
Piotroski F-Score
8 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 8 is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

CSS Industries Inc has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

CSS' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 4   Max: 9
Current: 8

4
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of CSS Industries Inc was 9. The lowest was 4. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Net Income was 10.958 + 11.007 + -1.529 + -1.325 = $19.1 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -22.822 + 35.263 + 31.374 + -13.43 = $30.4 Mil.
Revenue was 112.487 + 106.295 + 54.56 + 48.257 = $321.6 Mil.
Gross Profit was 36.727 + 36.266 + 15.704 + 14.599 = $103.3 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun13)
to the end of this year (Jun14) was
(287.831 + 308.18 + 315.232 + 293.535 + 291.884) / 5 = $299.3 Mil.
Total Assets was $291.9 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $216.7 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $32.4 Mil.
Net Income was 6.921 + 11.611 + -2.401 + -1.667 = $14.5 Mil.

Revenue was 133.485 + 116.02 + 53.621 + 47.117 = $350.2 Mil.
Gross Profit was 40.831 + 37.613 + 13.449 + 14.459 = $106.4 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun12)
to the end of last year (Jun13) was
(287.383 + 315.107 + 310.79 + 289.18 + 287.831) / 5 = $298.1 Mil.
Total Assets was $287.8 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $210.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $37.9 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by average total assets throughout the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

CSS Industries Inc's current net income (ttm) was 19.1. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by average total assets throughout the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

CSS Industries Inc's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 30.4. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=19.111/299.3324
=0.06384541

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun12 to Jun13
=14.464/298.0582
=0.04852744

CSS Industries Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.06384541. CSS Industries Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.04852744. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

CSS Industries Inc's current net income (ttm) was 19.1. CSS Industries Inc's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 30.4. ==> 30.4 > 19.1 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun14)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=0/291.884
=0

Gearing (Last Year: Jun13)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=0/287.831
=0

CSS Industries Inc's gearing of this year was 0. CSS Industries Inc's gearing of last year was 0. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=216.685/32.397
=6.68842794

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=210.117/37.93
=5.53959926

CSS Industries Inc's current ratio of this year was 6.68842794. CSS Industries Inc's current ratio of last year was 5.53959926. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

CSS Industries Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 9.3. CSS Industries Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 9.5. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=103.296/321.599
=0.32119503

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=106.352/350.243
=0.30365204

CSS Industries Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.32119503. CSS Industries Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.30365204. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by average total assets throughout the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=321.599/299.3324
=1.07438754

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun12 to Jun13
=350.243/298.0582
=1.17508258

CSS Industries Inc's asset turnover of this year was 1.07438754. CSS Industries Inc's asset turnover of last year was 1.17508258. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+0
=8

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

CSS Industries Inc has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Altman Z-Score, Beneish M-Score


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

CSS Industries Inc Annual Data

Mar05Mar06Mar07Mar08Mar09Mar10Mar11Mar12Mar13Mar14
Q1 111101111
Q2 111111111
Q3 001001101
Q4 111111111
Q5 111111001
Q6 110011111
Q7 110110011
Q8 011001011
Q9 000100100
F-score 676657668

CSS Industries Inc Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1111001111
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1111010111
Q6 1111111111
Q7 1111111111
Q8 0011111111
Q9 1111000000
F-score 8899677888
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