Switch to:
CSS Industries Inc (NYSE:CSS)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

CSS Industries Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

CSS' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 4   Max: 9
Current: 7

4
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of CSS Industries Inc was 9. The lowest was 4. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Net Income was 11.007 + -1.529 + -1.325 + 9.847 = $18.0 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 35.263 + 31.374 + -13.43 + -18.337 = $34.9 Mil.
Revenue was 106.295 + 54.56 + 48.257 + 106.092 = $315.2 Mil.
Gross Profit was 36.266 + 15.704 + 14.599 + 35.397 = $102.0 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep13)
to the end of this year (Sep14) was
(308.18 + 315.232 + 293.535 + 291.884 + 321.633) / 5 = $306.0928 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep13) was $308.2 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0.0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $247.9 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $53.1 Mil.
Net Income was 11.611 + -2.401 + -1.667 + 10.958 = $18.5 Mil.

Revenue was 116.02 + 53.621 + 47.117 + 112.487 = $329.2 Mil.
Gross Profit was 37.613 + 13.449 + 14.459 + 36.727 = $102.2 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep12)
to the end of last year (Sep13) was
(315.107 + 310.79 + 289.18 + 287.831 + 308.18) / 5 = $302.2176 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep12) was $315.1 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $4.8 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $230.5 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $52.5 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

CSS Industries Inc's current net income (TTM) was 18.0. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

CSS Industries Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 34.9. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=18.501/315.107
=0.05871339

CSS Industries Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.05840742. CSS Industries Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.05871339. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

CSS Industries Inc's current net income (TTM) was 18.0. CSS Industries Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 34.9. ==> 34.9 > 18.0 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=0/306.0928
=0

Gearing (Last Year: Sep13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep12 to Sep13
=4.767/302.2176
=0.0157734

CSS Industries Inc's gearing of this year was 0. CSS Industries Inc's gearing of last year was 0.0157734. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=247.917/53.123
=4.66684863

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=230.466/52.496
=4.39016306

CSS Industries Inc's current ratio of this year was 4.66684863. CSS Industries Inc's current ratio of last year was 4.39016306. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

CSS Industries Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 9.4. CSS Industries Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 9.5. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=101.966/315.204
=0.32349209

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=102.248/329.245
=0.31055293

CSS Industries Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.32349209. CSS Industries Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.31055293. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=315.204/308.18
=1.02279187

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=329.245/315.107
=1.0448673

CSS Industries Inc's asset turnover of this year was 1.02279187. CSS Industries Inc's asset turnover of last year was 1.0448673. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+1+1+1+1+0
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

CSS Industries Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

CSS Industries Inc Annual Data

Mar05Mar06Mar07Mar08Mar09Mar10Mar11Mar12Mar13Mar14
Q1 1111101111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0011001101
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1111111001
Q6 0110011111
Q7 0110110011
Q8 0011001011
Q9 0110000000
F-score 4796557568

CSS Industries Inc Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1110011110
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1110101111
Q6 1111111111
Q7 1111111111
Q8 0111111111
Q9 1110000000
F-score 8996778887
Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to $400 per referral. ( Learn More)
Free 7-day Trial
FEEDBACK