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Chevron Corp (NYSE:CVX)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Chevron Corp has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

CVX' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 6

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Chevron Corp was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar15) TTM:Last Year (Mar14) TTM:
Net Income was 5665 + 5593 + 3471 + 2567 = $17,296 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 7881 + 8680 + 6497 + 2319 = $25,377 Mil.
Revenue was 57938 + 54679 + 46088 + 34558 = $193,263 Mil.
Gross Profit was 24094 + 23938 + 21825 + 17365 = $87,222 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar14)
to the end of this year (Mar15) was
(258238 + 262045 + 265431 + 266026 + 269604) / 5 = $264268.8 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar14) was $258,238 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $30,025 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $41,270 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $29,445 Mil.
Net Income was 5365 + 4950 + 4930 + 4512 = $19,757 Mil.

Revenue was 57369 + 58503 + 56158 + 53265 = $225,295 Mil.
Gross Profit was 23096 + 23681 + 23467 + 22442 = $92,686 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar13)
to the end of last year (Mar14) was
(237410 + 244048 + 247838 + 253753 + 258238) / 5 = $248257.4 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar13) was $237,410 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $20,046 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $49,749 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $35,652 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Chevron Corp's current net income (TTM) was 17,296. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Chevron Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 25,377. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar14)
=17296/258238
=0.06697697

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar13)
=19757/237410
=0.0832189

Chevron Corp's return on assets of this year was 0.06697697. Chevron Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.0832189. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Chevron Corp's current net income (TTM) was 17,296. Chevron Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 25,377. ==> 25,377 > 17,296 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar14 to Mar15
=30025/264268.8
=0.11361538

Gearing (Last Year: Mar14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar13 to Mar14
=20046/248257.4
=0.08074684

Chevron Corp's gearing of this year was 0.11361538. Chevron Corp's gearing of last year was 0.08074684. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=41270/29445
=1.4015962

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=49749/35652
=1.39540559

Chevron Corp's current ratio of this year was 1.4015962. Chevron Corp's current ratio of last year was 1.39540559. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Chevron Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 1876.5. Chevron Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 1909.4. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=87222/193263
=0.45131246

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=92686/225295
=0.41139839

Chevron Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.45131246. Chevron Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.41139839. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar14)
=193263/258238
=0.74839102

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar13)
=225295/237410
=0.94897014

Chevron Corp's asset turnover of this year was 0.74839102. Chevron Corp's asset turnover of last year was 0.94897014. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+0+1+1+1+0
=6

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Chevron Corp has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Chevron Corp Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0011011000
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1111001000
Question 6 0000110100
Question 7 0111111111
Question 8 0101101101
Question 9 1001011000
F-score 5668678645

Chevron Corp Quarterly Data

Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0000000000
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0000000000
Question 6 1000000001
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 1111000111
Question 9 0000000000
F-score 6555444556
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