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DGSE Companies Inc (AMEX:DGSE)
Piotroski F-Score
2 (As of Today)

Warning Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 2 is low, which usually implies poor business operation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

DGSE Companies Inc has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.

DGSE' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 7
Current: 2

2
7

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of DGSE Companies Inc was 7. The lowest was 2. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Net Income was -0.405 + -0.523 + -4.452 + 0.18 = $-5.2 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 0.324 + -0.179 + -1.356 + -0.299 = $-1.5 Mil.
Revenue was 42.237 + 19.896 + 17.518 + 17.04 = $96.7 Mil.
Gross Profit was 9.989 + 4.434 + 3.01 + 3.134 = $20.6 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep13)
to the end of this year (Sep14) was
(24.817 + 24.904 + 23.689 + 18.857 + 18.188) / 5 = $22.1 Mil.
Total Assets as of Sep13 was $24.8 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1.7 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $13.6 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $10.8 Mil.
Net Income was 0.135 + 0.3 + -1.124 + -1.432 = $-2.1 Mil.

Revenue was 37.502 + 29.25 + 23.775 + 19 = $109.5 Mil.
Gross Profit was 7.357 + 5.303 + 2.885 + 3.312 = $18.9 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep12)
to the end of last year (Sep13) was
(24.489 + 26.115 + 26.122 + 25.169 + 24.817) / 5 = $25.3 Mil.
Total Assets as of Sep12 was $24.5 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1.8 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $16.4 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $12.2 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by beginning of the year total assets.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

DGSE Companies Inc's current net income (ttm) was -5.2. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by beginning of the year total assets.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

DGSE Companies Inc's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was -1.5. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Beginning of This Year Total Assets (Sep13)
=-5.2/24.817
=-0.20953379

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Beginning of Last Year Total Assets (Sep12)
=-2.121/24.489
=-0.08661031

DGSE Companies Inc's return on assets of this year was -0.20953379. DGSE Companies Inc's return on assets of last year was -0.08661031. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

DGSE Companies Inc's current net income (ttm) was -5.2. DGSE Companies Inc's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was -1.5. ==> -1.5 > -5.2 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=1.652/22.091
=0.07478159

Gearing (Last Year: Sep13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep12 to Sep13
=1.79/25.3424
=0.07063262

DGSE Companies Inc's gearing of this year was 0.07478159. DGSE Companies Inc's gearing of last year was 0.07063262. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=13.601/10.808
=1.25841969

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=16.397/12.198
=1.34423676

DGSE Companies Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.25841969. DGSE Companies Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.34423676. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

DGSE Companies Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 12.3. DGSE Companies Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 12.2. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=20.567/96.691
=0.21270853

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=18.857/109.527
=0.17216759

DGSE Companies Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.21270853. DGSE Companies Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.17216759. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by begining of the year total assets) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Beginning of This Year Total Assets (Sep13)
=96.691/24.817
=3.89615989

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Beginning of Last Year Total Assets (Sep12)
=109.527/24.489
=4.47249786

DGSE Companies Inc's asset turnover of this year was 3.89615989. DGSE Companies Inc's asset turnover of last year was 4.47249786. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=0+0+0+1+0+0+0+1+0
=2

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

DGSE Companies Inc has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Altman Z-Score, Beneish M-Score


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

DGSE Companies Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111001100
Q2 0110010101
Q3 1111011000
Q4 0000110111
Q5 0000101110
Q6 1011000010
Q7 0110000100
Q8 0001010110
Q9 1111000100
F-score 4565243742

DGSE Companies Inc Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Q1 0000000000
Q2 1001111100
Q3 0000100000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1111101000
Q6 0110100000
Q7 0011101100
Q8 1111100111
Q9 1000010000
F-score 5455734422
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